Approximately 43.8 million people diagnosed with cancer in the last 5 years period in the world.
According to the WHO-related International Agency for Research on Cancer's (IARC) report on the global cancer burden, an estimated 18.1 million new ones will be added to cancer cases worldwide this year and 9.6 million people will die from cancer. According to the report prepared from IARC data based on outcomes from 185 countries, it is noted that one out of every 5 men and one out of every 6 women will get cancer throughout their life. The report warned that one out of every 8 men globally and one out of every 11 women will die from cancer this year, and it is stated that approximately 43.8 million people suffered from cancer in the world in the last 5 years.
Measures preventing cancer formation
Prof. Dr. Meltem Nalça Andrieu stated that they encounter breast cancer most frequently in women and lung and prostate cancer in men in their clinics, and especially breast and prostate cancers increase in proportion with the increase in the elderly population, but treatment of both of them are very successful with early diagnosis and modern treatment techniques.
The main problem in cancer treatment is the late diagnosis in cancers such as lung, bladder and stomach cancer, which are diagnosed late due to the unclear findings; Noting that the factors causing this type of cancer should be prevented before cancer occurs.
Prof. Dr. Andrieu listed the measures that can be taken to prevent cancers as follows:
About one-third of all cancers and 90-95% of common lung cancer are caused by active or passive smoking. Smoking is also one of the main causes of 15 different types of cancer in the body. It is known that excessive alcohol consumption plays a role in the development of various organ cancers such as larynx, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas and breast. Stopping smoking and alcohol intake is the most important precaution to prevent the development of this type of cancer.
- Hormone-dependent cancers such as breast, uterus and ovarian cancer in women can be reduced by maintaining ideal body weight and regular exercise. Eating healthy and balanced, avoiding consuming excessive fats and sugars and eating pulp foods such as vegetables and fruits prevents weight gain, as well as preventing colorectal cancers.
- Processed meats such as sausages and salami; cancer-producing additives in prepared foods; excessive salt consumption; excessive consumption of smoked or barbecued foods increases stomach cancers. Natural, unprocessed foods and methods of boiling, steaming or baking in the oven should be preferred.
- In the prevention of cervical and liver cancers, it is important to include the vaccines developed against Human Papilloma and Hepatitis B viruses in the country's vaccination program for appropriate ages. Effective treatment of H. Pilori bacteria, which also causes stomach cancer, and knowing about the Epstein-Barr virus, which can be effective in cancers such as nasopharyngeal tumor and lymphoma, can help prevent these cancers.
- To avoid any carcinogenic chemicals, excessive sun rays and pesticides, the public should be informed and the authorities should take precautions.
Prof. Dr. Meltem Nalça Andrieu; "The early diagnosis of cancer is the detection of cancer in the tissue it is located in."
“Despite a healthy lifestyle that includes all these measures, cancer can sometimes be inevitable. At this point, early diagnosis becomes very important. Early diagnosis of cancer is the detection of cancer in the tissue where it is located in. At this stage, the disease has not yet spread to the surrounding tissues. Patients diagnosed and treated at this stage have a much higher chance of getting rid of cancer completely.” saying Prof. Dr. Andrieu, emphasized the importance of regular screening services and control programs for breast, cervical (cervical) and colon-rectum (bowel) cancers for early diagnosis of cancer.
Prof. Dr. Meltem Nalça Andrieu; "Today, cancers diagnosed in the early stage have almost completely treatable."
Stating that nowadays, cancer treatment is evaluated for each patient individually, and the targeted therapies are designed, Prof. Dr. Meltem Nalça Andrieu said, “Early-stage cancers are now defined as an almost treatable disease. In the Near East University Hospital, where all up-to-date cancer related technological infrastructure is available, cancer treatment is designed individually by experienced physicians in tumor councils for each patient. Thus, better results are obtained.”