Undergraduate Courses

Also available in: Türkçe

FIRST YEAR

Fall Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 100 English Language I 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 101 Anatomy 4 0 4 5
NEPHAR 102 General Chemistry 3 0 3 6
NEPHAR 103 Physics 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 104 Mathematics 3 0 2 3
NEPHAR 105 Physiology 4 0 4 5
NEPHAR 106 Turkish Language I 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 116 Histology 1 0 1 2
NEPHAR 118 Introduction to Pharmacy 0 1 0 1
TOTAL CREDIT 16 30

Spring Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 107 Biostatistics 2 0 2 3
NEPHAR 108 Medical and Molecular Biology 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 109 Organic Chemistry I 3 0 4 5
NEPHAR 110 Analytical Chemistry I 3 0 3 4
NEPHAR 111 Analytical Chemistry I Lab 0 3 1 3
NEPHAR 112 Turkish Language II 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 113 Pathology 3 0 3 5
NEPHAR 115 English Language II 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 117 Social Pharmacy 2 0 2 2
TOTAL CREDIT 17 30

SECOND YEAR

Fall Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 200 English Language III 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 201 Analytical Chemistry II 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 202 Analytical Chemistry II Lab 0 3 1 3
NEPHAR 203 Biochemistry 3 0 3 4
NEPHAR 205 Pharmacology I 5 0 5 6
NEPHAR 206 History I 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 209 Organic Chemistry II 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 216 Pharmaceutical Information Management 1 2 2 3
NEPHAR 290 Pharmacy Practice I (annual) 0 4 2 4
TOTAL CREDIT 15 30

Spring Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 207 Pharmaceutical Botany 2 0 2 3
NEPHAR 208 Pharmaceutical Botany Lab. 0 3 1 3
NEPHAR 211 Pharmacology II 4 0 4 8
NEPHAR 212 Clinical Biochemistry 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 214 History II 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 215 Microbiology 3 0 3 3
NEPHAR 218 English Language IV 2 0 2 2
NEPHAR 219 Communication Skills in Pharmacy 1 0 1 2
Electives (Group I) 2 0 2 3
TOTAL CREDIT 15 30

THIRD YEAR

Fall Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 301 Pharmacognosy I 2 0 2 3
NEPHAR 302 Pharmacognosy I Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 303 Pharmaceutical Technology I 3 0 3 5
NEPHAR 304 Pharmaceutical Technology I Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 305 Pharmaceutical Chemistry I 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 306 Pharmaceutical Chemistry I Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 307 Pharmacology III 5 0 5 7
NEPHAR 308 Pharmacy Regulations and Deontology 2 0 2 2
Electives (Group I, II) 2 0 2 3
TOTAL CREDIT 19 30

Spring Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 310 Pharmacognosy II 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 311 Pharmacognosy II Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 312 Pharmaceutical Technology II 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 313 Pharmaceutical Technology II Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 314 Pharmaceutical Chemistry II 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 315 Pharmaceutical Chemistry II Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 316 Toxicology 3 0 3 4
NEPHAR 318 Cosmetic 2 0 2 3
NEPHAR 320 Toxicology Lab. 0 3 1 2
Electives (Group I, II) 2 0 2 3
TOTAL CREDIT 17 30

Summer Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 390 Pharmacy Practice II 0 35 15 30

FOURTH YEAR

Fall Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 400 Pharmaceutical Technology III 3 0 3 4
NEPHAR 401 Colloquium 0 1 0 1
NEPHAR 402 Pharmacognosy III 2 0 2 3
NEPHAR 403 Pharmacognosy III Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 406 Pharmaceutical Chemistry III 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR 407 Pharmaceutical Chemistry III Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 409 Clinical Pharmacy I 3 0 3 3
NEPHAR 411 Pharmaceutical Technology III Lab. 0 3 1 2
NEPHAR 412 Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics 1 0 1 2
NEPHAR 490 Pharmacy Practice III (annual) 0 4 2 4
Electives (Group I, II) 2 0 2 3
TOTAL CREDIT 16 30

Spring Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 404 Phytotherapy 3 0 3 4
NEPHAR 410 First Aid in the Pharmacy 1 1 1 2
NEPHAR 413 Pharmaceutical Technology IV 3 0 3 5
NEPHAR 414 Pharmaceutical Technology IV Lab. 0 3 1 3
NEPHAR 415 Pharmacy Management and Accounting 2 0 2 3
NEPHAR 416 Clinical Pharmacy II 3 0 3 4
NEPHAR 417 Radiopharmacy 1 0 1 2
NEPHAR 418 Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 1 0 1 2
NEPHAR 419 Pharmaceutical Care 1 0 1 2
Electives (Group I, II) 2 0 2 3
TOTAL CREDIT 18 30

Summer Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 491 Pharmacy Practice IV 0 35 15 30

FIFTH YEAR

Fall Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 501 Graduation Project 1 3 2 10
NEPHAR 502 Rational Drug Use 2 0 2 4
NEPHAR E 800 Pharmacy Management 4 0 4 5
NEPHAR E 801 Industrial Pharmacy 4 0 4 5
NEPHAR E 802 Pharmacy Services 6 0 6 6
TOTAL CREDIT 18 30

Spring Semester

Code Course Name T P C ECTS
NEPHAR 590 Pharmacy Practice V 0 35 15 30
TOTAL CREDIT 15 30

Course Description

NEPHAR 100 English Language I
The aim of this course is to improve students’ ability in listening, speaking, reading, and writing by using texts and materials related to their discipline. The main focus will be on human body systems.

NEPHAR 101 Anatomy
Introduction to Anatomy, General terminology and concepts, Upper Extremity; Lower Extremity; Thorax Anatomy and Diaphragm; Heart and Circulatory System, Nose, larynx; Trachea and Lungs, Anterior Abdominal Wall and Peritoneum, Oral cavity, Pharynx; Oesophagus, Stomach, Small and Large intestines, Liver, Bile duct and Portal System; Pancreas, and Spleen; Male and Female Genital Organs, Urinary System; Skeleton of Head; Facial Anatomy; Scalp, Mimic Muscles, Anterior and Lateral Regions of Neck, Introduction to Nervous System, Bulbus Medulla Spinalis, Pons and Mesencephalon, Cerebellum, Cranial Nerves, Diencephalon, Telencephalon, Cerebrospinal Fluid, Ventricles, Meninges and Sinuses of the Brain, Blood Supply of Central Nervous System, Introduction to Autonomic Nervous System, Autonomic Nervous System; Sympathetic-Parasympathetic Nervous System; Orbit and its Structure, Eye and Visual Pathways, Ear, Hearing, Balance and Auditory Pathways, Endocrine Glands.

NEPHAR 102 General Chemistry
Main objective of General Chemistry is to give students a basic knowledge of the principles of chemistry. Matter (Properties & Measurement), Atoms and Atomic Theory, Chemical Compounds, Chemical Reactions, Aqueous Solutions, Gases, Electrons in Atoms, Periodic Table, Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Acids Bases.

NEPHAR 103 Physics
Measurement and units, vectors, one-dimensional motion, and motion in the plane; particle dynamics and Newton’s Laws, work, energy, electric field, Coulomb’s law, Gauss’s Law and electric potential; condensers and dielectrics, current and resistance, magnetic field. After covering the following content of the course you will have had adequate and basic information about fluid mechanics and technology courses.

NEPHAR 104 Mathematics
Function, types of Functions, Arithmetic sequences and series, Limit and continuity, Derivatives and applications of Derivatives; Logarithms, Logarithmic and exponential functions and their properties; Integral and techniques of integration; Integral applications, Differential equations, Matrix Algebra, Determinants and Linear equations, systems of Linear equations and their solutions.

NEPHAR 105 Physiology
Cell Physiology, Blood Physiology, Muscle Physiology, Physiology of the Nervous System, Circulatory Physiology, Respiratory Physiology; Excretory Physiology, Digestive Physiology, Endocrine Physiology, Sensory Physiology.

NEPHAR 106 Turkish Language I
Definition and importance of Language; relationship between language and culture; written language and its characteristics; external structure and rules in written expression; spelling and punctuation rules; planning and outlining, theme, point of view, supporting ideas, paragraph writing in writing essays; concept of composition, rules and planning in writing compositions; framework of composition writing based on selected samples, theme, paragraph analysis, error analysis in composition writing, general ambiguity and incoherency, writing genres (memoirs, anecdotes, stories, criticisms, novels, etc…), formal writing (CV, petition, report, bibliography, presentation, scientific writing, articles, etc…); studies on introduction/development/conclusion parts of articles, note taking and summarizing skills and techniques.

NEPHAR 107 Biostatistics
Biostatistics, research, statistics and research related to the required level of basic behaviours, skills, and provide information on active learning. After taking this course, students use scientific research and interpret the basic statistical techniques, are able to present the data and learn the basic concepts of statistics. Interactive lessons to Biostatistics processed, according to notifications received from students’ stream course. This course aims to teach statistical methods used in research and the ability to use these methods for health care services.

NEPHAR 108 Medical&Molecular Biology
This course will provide an introduction to cell biology and will cover the following topics: cell chemistry, organels, transcription, translation, cell architecture, metabolism, signal transduction pathways, cell division, cell cycle, DNA technology and stem cell applications.

NEPHAR 109 Organic Chemistry
This is an introductory organic chemistry course focusing on fundamentals in organic chemistry. Mainly, basic knowledge of bonding, hybridization, resonance structures, isomers acids-bases, stereochemistry, reaction types and chemical reactions, alkanes, akenes, alkynes, alkyl halides, aromatics, reactions of aromatic molecules, nomenclature, synthesis and their reactions.

NEPHAR 110 Analytical Chemistry I
The objectives of this course are to provide students with basic classical analytical techniques for quantitative and qualitative analysis. The following topics will be covered: Gravimetric methods of analysis, titrimetric methods of analysis, aqueous-solution chemistry, theory of neutralization titrations, titration curves for complex acid/base systems, precipitation titrimetry, complex-formation titrations, an introduction to electrochemistry, and applications of standard electrode potentials.

NEPHAR 111 Analytical Chemistry I Laboratory
The objectives of this course are to provide students with practical skills on basic classical analytical techniques for quantitative and qualitative analysis. The following experiments will be done: Testing for group 1 cations, testing for group VII anions, gravimetric analysis (measuring the density of cola and calibration of volumetric glassware), neutralization titration (strong acid/strong base and strong acid/weak base), precipitation titration (determination of potassium bromide), and complexometric titration (determination of calcium and water hardness).

NEPHAR 112 Turkish Language II
Oral Expression and the importance of speech in human life, accurate and effective speaking techniques, diction and its importance, speaking varieties, introduction to the types of verbal expressions, prepare speeches for important days. Conference, interview, speech, discussion, debate, panel, forum, symposium and open session and realizing one of the mentioned activities.

NEPHAR 113 Pathology
Introduction to Pathology; inflammation and reparation ; cellular respond to pathogenic factors, pathology of circulatory disorders and hypertension , neoplasia, drug effects.

NEPHAR 115 English Language II
The aim is to continue to improving the skills of listening, note-taking, speaking, reading and writing. In order to attain this, besides body systems, materials related with the terms of basic hospital vocabulary are also chosen. An introduction into the types of illnesses and diseases is also planned.

NEPHAR 116 Histology
To help students acquire the basis of histology and to correlate this knowledge with other science branches. To demonstrate knowledge of the structural and functional characteristics of the cell and the four basic tissues, the systems and their related organs and to relate their structural features with their functional properties. Introduction to Histology and Terminology, Microscopes and Microscopic Techniques, The cell and its organelles, The cell membrane, The nucleus, Intracellular transport systems, Cytoskeleton, Epithelial Tissue, Connective Tissue, Cartilage Tissue, Bone Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Nervous Tissue, The basic features of Systems; Blood and The Cardiovascular System; Respiratory System, Gastrointestinal System, Endocrine and Genital Systems, Urinary System.

NEPHAR 117 Social Pharmacy
The aim of the course is to emphasize the responsibility of the pharmacy profession in drug matters at a societal level. Social Pharmacy training highlights the social factors that influence drug use and allows the pharmacists to understand their active social role in health care. It helps pharmacist to understand the attitudes and beliefs of the patient and helps to play their maximum role in providing the best health care service. It helps pharmacist to understand the pharmaceutical ethics. It aims at attaining the right medication at the appropriate price and helps rational drug use. Social Pharmacy course content outline: The history of pharmacy, Health and Illness Behaviour (Health psychology), Pharmaco epidemiology and Social epidemiology, Ethical foundations and deontology, Communications applicable to pharmacy, pharmacoeconomy, clinical pharmacy. As a result the goal of the course is to give students a deeper and more detailed appreciation of how social and behavioral sciences are applied to problems in pharmacy profession.

NEPHAR 118 Introduction to Pharmacy
This course is designed to provide orientation to first year pharmacy student. Information on 5 year pharmacy education program, pharmacy practices, educational and career pathways. In addition to introduce academic staff and give detailed information on different departments of pharmacy profession.

NEPHAR 200 English Language III
In this course, specific texts are used to develop reading comprehension skills. Before reading, while reading and after reading activities will be done to encourage discussion and speaking abilities. The texts chosen have a wide range of in-discipline vocabulary which will enable them to develop their vocabulary bank. Writing short descriptive paragraphs will also be another aim this course.

NEPHAR 201 Analytical Chemistry II
The objectives of this course are to provide students with basic instrumental analytical techniques for quantitative and qualitative analysis. The following topics will be covered: An introduction to spectrometric methods, components of optical instruments, atomic absorption (AAS) and emission spectrometry (AES), ultraviolet/Visible (UV/VIS) molecular absorption spectrometry, infrared spectrometry (IR), chromatographic separations, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), gas (GC), supercritical fluid (SFC) and thin-layer chromatography (TLC), capillary electrophoresis (CE) and some extraction techniques.

NEPHAR 202 Analytical Chemistry II Laboratory
The objectives of this course are to provide students with practical skills on basic instrumental analytical techniques for quantitative and qualitative analysis. The following experiments will be done: Basic statistics in analytical chemistry, acids, bases and buffers, developing standard addition and calibration curves, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), column chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (determination of caffeine in beverages and soft drinks), and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) and atomic emission spectrometry (AES) (determination of calcium ion concentration in water).

NEPHAR 203 Biochemistry
To study the structure, function and the chemical structures and also the chemical interactions taking place in the cellular components of the living organism. Carbohydrates, Classification of carbohydrates, Glucose Metabolism, Glycogen Metabolism, Gluconeogenesis, Digestion of Carbohydrates, Metabolic disorders of carbohydrates, Lipids, Classification of Lipids, Lipid Metabolism, Digestion of Lipids, Metabolic disorders of lipids, Amino acid, Proteins, Digestion of proteins, Metabolic Disorders of Proteins, Properties of Enzymes, Use of enzymes, Vitamins and Coenzymes, Hormones, Effects of Hormones, Classification of Hormones, Nucleic Acids and Water and Minerals.

NEPHAR 205 Pharmacology I
Basic concepts of pharmacology, related molecular, cellular mechanisms and terms of pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and specific areas in pharmacology such as pharmacogenetics, pharmacovigilance, rational drug use and drug interactions, drug abuse. The physiologic and pathologic roles of autocoids and their therapeutic uses.

NEPHAR 206 History I
Late Ottoman history and early 1900 history including economic and sociologic evaluations.

NEPHAR 207 Pharmaceutical Botany
The primary goal of Pharmaceutical Botany is to teach the scientific names and recognizing botanical properties of medicinal, toxic, economically valued and all useful (food, spice, dye, textile etc) plants. Botanical properties, habitation and distribution of the medicinal, poisonous (toxic) and useful plants and plant based-life forms alges, lichenes, edible and poisonous mushrooms, to differentiate the medicinal and poisonous plants in nature and the importance of the plants (active ingredients, medicinal and other usages) are given. Knowledge about flora, herbarium and the protection of nature and environment are also contributed.

NEPHAR 208 Pharmaceutical Botany Laboratory
The goal of this course is for students to gain laboratory expertise in the characterization of morphology and anatomy of medicinal plants and classification of their plant families and to be able to study medicinal plants in a scientific manner. Characterization and naming of plants, identification of morphological characteristics, herbarium preparation and preservation of plant specimens, concepts concerning identification of plants with pharmaceutical value; diagnosis of medicinal plants; identification of Coniferae and Angiospermae plant families, which are found in the flora of Turkey and Northern Cyprus and their importance in the field of Pharmacy.

NEPHAR 209 Organic Chemistry II
To educate and instruct students with functional groups of organic compounds; alcohols, phenols, ethers, epoxides, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and derivatives, amines; their naming, general structures, properties, synthesis and chemical reactions.

NEPHAR 211 Pharmacology II
The pharmacological properties of drugs affect gastrointestinal, respiratory and cardiovascular system and NSAIDs.

NEPHAR 212 Clinical Biochemistry
To aid the diagnosis of metabolic diseases, and monitoring of therapy and also to understand the biology of diseases. Topics include Diabetes, Liver function and Clinical Endocrinology. Carbohydrate metabolic disorders, Lipid Metabolic Disorders, Protein Metabolism Disorders, Iron, Porphrin and Hemeprotein Disorders, Trace elements Disorders, Kidney and Liver Function Tests, Enzymes in Diagnosis and Hereditary Diseases and their Biochemistry.

NEPHAR 214 History II
Atatürk’s principles and Turkish Revolution.

NEPHAR 215 Microbiology
Introduction to Microbiology, General Bacteriology General mycology, General Virology, Sterilization antisepsis and disinfection, Antimicrobial substances and their mechanisms of action, Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, Infectious diseases, introduction to Immunology, pharmaceutical-cosmetics- microorganism connections, the role of the pharmacist in Microbiology will be discussed.

NEPHAR 216 Pharmaceutical Information Management
The aim of the course is to develop a clear understanding of the fundamentals of pharmaceutical and medicinal information; students to be able to gain knowledge and experience about foundations of pharmaceutical and medicinal information management. Main concepts and definitions about pharmaceutical and medicinal information management, information needs and information-seeking behaviors in pharmacy and medical sciences, information sources, information Technology in pharmaceutical and medicinal information management, information and knowledge management in pharmacy and medical sciences, developing professional and managerial skills, developments in pharmaceutical and medicinal information management, medical information in the pharmaceutical industry, research information in the pharmaceutical industry, legal and ethical requirements in pharmaceutical and medicinal information management and career development in pharmaceutical and medicinal information management.

NEPHAR 218 English Language IV
Texts will encourage students to broaden their vocabulary, to have discussions about the topics, to search for specific information, to write about the findings, search results and also to give oral presentations.

NEPHAR 219 Communication Skills in Pharmacy
Students will gain knowledge and skills about effective communication skills especially with patients and health care workers. Topics include pharmacist and communication, Effective communication techniques, communication and complicating factors, Communication Models, pharmacist-
Suicidal patient communication, Pharmacist-aids patient communication, Pharmacist-pregnant patient communication, Pharmacists-child patient communication, pharmacist-elderly patient communication, Pharmacist-adolescent patient communication, pharmacist- Psychiatric patient communication, Pharmacist-dependent cancer-patient communication

NEPHAR 290 Pharmacy Practice I
Students must consult with her/his adviser and enroll at the beginning of the 2nd year’s Fall term (Third semester). This internship can be carried out only at community Pharmacies. Internship period is one month (at least 20 working days) and practiced during the Summer Term.

NEPHAR 301 Pharmacognosy I
To teach the anatomical structure of powder drugs, identification and quantification of secondary metabolites. Theoretical description of microscopical analysis, measurements using microscopes; plant cell and tissue, microscopic analysis: ergastic substances; leaf epidermal components, root, rhizome, fruit and seeds; analysis of drugs; saponins, antranoids, cyanogenetic glycosides, tannins; identification of proteins and enzymes, chromatography application.

NEPHAR 302 Pharmacognosy I Laboratory
To teach the anatomical structure of powder drugs, identification and quantification of secondary metabolites. Theoretical description of microscopical analysis, measurements using microscopes; plant cell and tissue, microscopic analysis: ergastic substances; leaf epidermal components, root, rhizome, fruit and seeds; analysis of drugs; saponins, antranoids, cyanogenetic glycosides, tannins; identification of proteins and enzymes, chromatography application.

NEPHAR 303 Pharmaceutical Technology I
The objectives of this course are, to teach the meaning of Pharmaceutical Technology, understand the basic terms and processes required for preparation of a drug formulation and administration, solve the problems and calculations required for preparing a formulation, comprehend the concept of dose and maxima dose terms and calculate them, cognize water which is one of the basic contents of drug preparation and get the knowledge of information of the other excipients, explain solution and types of solution and have the skills to prepare a solution, learn all the techniques required to prepare and control one-phased systems, comprehend the pediatric and geriatric aspects of pharmaceutical formulations, understand the preformulation studies, know the veterinary pharmaceutical dosage forms, understand the drug packaging materials and required properties and European aspects of the regulation of drug products to development of pharmaceuticals.

NEPHAR 304 Pharmaceutical Technology I Laboratory
The objectives of this course are, to achieve that students could prepare a magistral prescription and understand basic processes. Besides, to understand dose and maximal dose terms, to do necessary calculations and maximal dose calculations are other aims of this course. In addition; students should have knowledge about solution, aromatic water, syrup, lemonade, infusion and decoction type of prescriptions and also they should have skills to prepare these kinds of formulations. This practical include Pharmaceutical Calculations, Balances, Aromatic Water, Solution for Inhalation, Iodine Solutions-I, Iodine Solutions-II, Diluted Hydrogen Peroxide Solution, Anhydrous Phosphate (Joulie’s) Oral Solution, Lemonades, Syrups, Elixisirs, Infusion, Decoction and Homework presentations.

NEPHAR 305 Pharmaceutical Chemistry I
The purpose of this course is to give information on physiochemical properties of drugs and examples of phase I and II metabolism of drugs, structure-activity relationships, synthesis and biotransformation of some of the drugs affecting on central nervous system (CNS) including general anesthetics, sedative-hypnotics, tranquilizers, neuroleptics, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, narcotic analgesics and NSAIDs.

NEPHAR 306 Pharmaceutical Chemistry I Laboratory
The purpose of this course is to give various methods on the synthesis, separations and purifications of drugs active materials in laboratory conditions. Laboratory safety, synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds, filtration, crystallization, extraction, distillation and other laboratory techniques are done.

NEPHAR 307 Pharmacology III
The pharmacological properties of drugs affecting endocrine, central nervous system disorders and chemotherapeutics.

NEPHAR 308 Pharmacy Regulations and Deontology
Laws and regulations on pharmacy practice and deontology.

NEPHAR 310 Pharmacognosy II
The objective of this course is to teach steroids and terpenoids and emphasize their therapeutic activities. Definition of plant secondary metabolites such as steroids and terpenoids, their physical and chemical properties, identification and isolation techniques, their activities, drugs that are rich in these components and their biological and pharmaceutical applications.

NEPHAR 311 Pharmacognosy II Laboratory
The goal of this course is to teach students about techniques of solid and volatile oil isolation and qualitative and quantitative pharmacopoeia analysis. To familiarize students with isolation techniques, qualitative and quantitative analysis methods, application of chromatography techniques to plant chemistry.

NEPHAR 312 Pharmaceutical Technology II
The objectives of this course are, to achieve that students could define two-phased drug release systems, know the formation theories of these formulations, comprehend the structure of the two-phased systems, ingredients involved and rheological behaviors, design the formulation of these systems and prepare them, determine the required properties of two-phased systems with characterization methods, explain the stability of these systems and evaluate this phenomenon by different techniques, list the quality control parameters of the obtained systems and evaluate the quality of the systems and define the suppositories, ovules and inserts.

NEPHAR 313 Pharmaceutical Technology II Laboratory
The objectives of this course are, to achieve that students could understand the terms of semi solid and two phase dosage forms and also their preparation techniques. In addition; students should have pharmaceutical knowledge about lotion, suspension, emulsion, gel, liniment, ointment, ovule and suppository type of prescriptions and additionally cosmetic preparation examples share for the student to support cosmetic course. They should have skills to prepare these kinds of formulations. This practical course include Preparation of lotion, Preparation of suspension, Preparation of oral emulsion, Determination of emulsion Type, Preparation of liniment, Preparation of gel, Preparation of ointment, Preparation of cold cream, Preparation of cream stearate, Preparation of ovule, suppository, Sample of Cosmetic preparations as aftershave lotion, lipstick, cleaning cream and Homework presentations.

NEPHAR 314 Pharmaceutical Chemistry II
The purpose of this course is to give a basic concept on general features, mode of action, structure-activity relationship, synthesis and biotransformation of the drugs affecting on cardiovascular system. Cardiac glycosides, antiarrhythmics, antianginal and vasodilatory agents, antihypertensives, antihyperlipidemics, coagulant and anticoagulant agents, antianemic drugs, trombolytics, gastrointestinal system agents, and diuretics.

NEPHAR 315 Pharmaceutical Chemistry II Laboratory
The course aims to give students theoretical and practical knowledge about the separation and purification techniques and determination of some physical parameters of drug molecules. Specific experiments include, Separation of solids – Separation of liquids, Determination of density of liquids and solids, Refractometry – Polarimetry, Melting point and boiling point determination, Pharmacopeia analysis (urea, distilled water).

NEPHAR 316 Toxicology
Description and the classification of toxicology. Basic information about the exposure, toxicity mechanisms and the therapeutic procedures of xenobiotics and the therapeutic substances. Introduction to basic toxicology, definitions and classification of toxic effects, therapeutic monitoring and adverse drug reactions, toxic alcohols and solvents, drug abuse and hallucinogenic agents, toxicity of sympathomimetics, toxic gases and particles, toxicity of metals, pathological pathogenic toxins and chemical agents as threats to public safety, toxicity of NSAIDs, phytotoxicology and natural toxins, toxicity of pesticides and risk assessment and regulatory toxicology.

NEPHAR 318 Cosmetic
The main target of this course is; introduce to Cosmetology, relation between pharmaceutical technology. Understand the basic information like content of formulations, preparations, application etc.

NEPHAR 320 Toxicology Laboratory
Giving basic toxicology laboratory knowledge, application of analytical, in vivo and in vitro toxicity testing methods. Introduction, laboratory animals and acute toxicity test systems, analysis of toxic compounds in water, analysis of toxic compounds in dairy milk, teratogenic effect of Diazinon on chick embryo, evaluation of the experimental results of teratogenicity, determination of cyanide in samples and Group Studies.

NEPHAR 390 Pharmacy Practise II
Students must consult with her/his adviser and enrol at the beginning of the 3rd year’s Fall term (5th semester). This internship can be carried out only at community Pharmacies. Internship period is one month (at least 20 working days) and practiced during the Summer Term.

NEPHAR 400 Pharmaceutical Technology III
Solid dosage forms and modern drug delivery systems, the general properties and processes and the powder technology as the building stones of these systems, definition of all the formulations involved, demonstration of all the ingredients including the excipients of these formulations and preparation techniques including related calculations, design and preparation of different formulations for different administration routes, conductions the control tests on the final products , dissolution test and their evaluation them and explaining the factors affecting the stability of these systems and evaluating them with the techniques involved.

NEPHAR 401 Colloquium
This program is composed of a series of mandatory seminars for 4th year students. Experienced academics, pharmacists in different fields of pharmaceutical sciences or pharmacy profession are invited to convey the experience they have gained in their respective carriers. The purpose of this seminar series is to utilize the perspectives of these professionals on their professional lives to enrich the knowledge of the students in the future.

NEPHAR 402 Pharmacognosy III
There are many preparations on the market that contain natural and/or synthetic forms of alkaloids. This course aims to teach students on alkaloid-containing medicines, their biosynthesis, their use. Alkaloids, alkaloid biosynthesis and reactions; protoalkaloids and related drugs; pyridin and piperidine alkaloids and their derivation; tropane alkaloids and their derivation; quinoline alkaloids and their derivation; opium alkaloids; aporphine, pyrrolizidine and quinolizidine alkaloids and their derivation; purine alkaloids and their derivation; steroidal and terpenic alkaloids and their derivation for medicinal purposes.

NEPHAR 403 Pharmacognosy III Laboratory
The goal of this course is to teach students the isolation of active compounds from natural sources and perform pharmacopoeia analysis of plant medicines. Alkaloids, related reactions, Solanaceae alkaloid colorimetric measurements, total alkaloid measurements at C. chinae, isolation of caffeine from black tea and its pharmacopoeia analysis, activity measurement of antibiotics, qualitative analysis of herbal teas.

NEPHAR 404 Phytotherapy
The well-known and widespread complementary treatment method Phytotherapy, terminology and related national and international associations are given. Pharmacy quality herbal material, standardization, manufacturing of medicinal teas, medicinal oils and phytomedicines (tablet, syrup, lozenges etc) are explained. Usage of phytotherapeutics to support body or treat indications; their dosage, contraindications, drug interactions and warnings for the people are given.

NEPHAR 406 Pharmaceutical Chemistry III
The aim of this course is to give a basic concept on general features, mode of action, structure-activity relationship, synthesis and biotransformation of antiinfective drugs, antiseptics and disinfectants, antifungal and antihelmintic drugs, antibacterial drugs, antimycobacterial drugs, antibiotics, antiviral drugs, antineoplastic drugs.

NEPHAR 407 Pharmaceutical Chemistry III Laboratory
This course provides students with a background in modern analysis with an emphasis on instrumentation. Fundamental theoretical principles, capabilities, applications, and limitations of modern analytical instrumentation used for qualitative and quantitative analysis are provided through specific examples and extensive problem solving, spectral analysis. The instruments studied include UV-Vis, FTIR, NMR, Mass Spectrometry.

NEPHAR 409 Clinical Pharmacy I
The aim of this course is to describe the concepts of clinical pharmacy, pharmaceutical care and patient-oriented pharmacy, and the roles of the clinical pharmacist in rational drug use and successful pharmacotherapy. The contents of this course: Introduction and History of Clinical Pharmacy, Patient Oriented Pharmacy, Current Status in World, Roles and Responsibilities of Clinical Pharmacist, Systematic Approach to Drug Therapy – Case Study, Patient Counseling and Compliance in Clinical Pharmacy Practice and Patient Education Techniques, Clinical Pharmacists’ Approach to Pain Cases and Role of the Pharmacist in Treatment, Clinical Pharmacists’ Approach to Fever Cases and Role of the Pharmacist in Treatment, Pharmacists’ Approach to Diarrhea and Constipation and Role of the Clinical Pharmacist in Treatment, Proper Use of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms, Drug Use in Pregnancy and Lactation – Clinical Pharmacists’ Approach, Upper Respiratory System Infect., and Clinical Pharmacist – Update on Common Cold, Flu and Vaccination and Sinusitis, Pharyngitis and Otitis media.

NEPHAR 410 First Aid in the Pharmacy
Basic concepts and application of First Aid for pharmacy students.

NEPHAR 411 Pharmaceutical Technology III Laboratory
The objectives of this course are, to achieve that students could understand the terms of solid dosage forms and modern drug delivery systems and also their preparation techniques. In addition; students should have knowledge about tablet, capsule, lozenge, microcapsules, effervescent granule type of prescriptions and also they should have skills to prepare these kinds of formulations. Controls of Powder Samples, Direct Compression Process of Tablet Formulation, Dry Granulation Process, Wet Granulation Process, Process of Tablet Formulation and Controls, Effervescent Granule, Bioadhesive Tablet, Chewable Tablet, Controlled Release Tablet, Hard Lozenges, Dissolution Tests and Tablet Coating, Capsule Preparation and Controls, Microcapsules and Homework presentations.

NEPHAR 412 Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics
Learning definitions of bioavailability and bioequivalence to be informed of methods of determination of bioavailability, the test criteria of bioavailability, factors that effect bioavailability, bioequivalance, generics and getting information about pharmacokinetics: compartment models, graphic models, linear regression, peeling method, calculation of area under the curve, calculation of pharmacokinetic parameters, application of intravenous infusion, loading dose, continuation dose.

NEPHAR 413 Pharmaceutical Technology IV
The objectives of this course are, to achieve that students could define parenteral preparations, lyophilized products, other sterile solutions and dialysis solutions, classify them, demonstrate related physical and physiological concepts, explain all ingredients including excipients, comprehend the preparation techniques, design and prepare them, understand all the equations involved and solve the problems, priority of isotonicity, know the sterilization techniques, make a formulation sterile, evaluate the control tests conducted on the final product, explain on the factors affecting the stability of these systems and evaluate them with the techniques involved, understand what a medical device is, know the basic materials and preparation techniques and explain the factors affecting the stability of drug formulation and evaluate them with the techniques involved.

NEPHAR 414 Pharmaceutical Technology IV Laboratory
The objectives of this course are, to achieve that students could understand the terms of parenteral dosage forms and ear, nasal, ophthalmic drug delivery systems and also their preparation techniques. In addition; students should have knowledge about ear, nasal, ophthalmic drops, eye wash, parenteral nutrition, irrigation solutions, infusion solutions, dialysis solutions, ampules and vials type of prescriptions and also they should have skills to prepare these kind of formulations: Ear Preparations, Nasal Preparations, Ophthalmic Preparations, Large Volume Parenteral Preparations (parenteral nutrition), Large Volume Parenteral Preparations (irrigation solutions), Small Volume Parenteral Preparations (ampules), Small Volume Parenteral Preparations (vials) and Homework presentations.

NEPHAR 415 Pharmacy Management & Accounting
Introduction to accounting, rules, regulations, polices on how to open a community pharmacy, business rules, tax information, analysis of invoices, employment, introduction to management, stock management.

NEPHAR 416 Clinical Pharmacy II
The aim of this course is to describe the roles of the clinical pharmacist in pharmacotherapy of and education and monitoring in acute and chronic diseases. The contents of this course: Clinical Use of Glucocortikosteroids, The Role of Clinical Pharmacist in Hypertension Treatment, Pharmacotherapy of Congestive Heart Failure and Role of the Clinical Pharmacist in Digoxin Monitoring, Peptic Ulcer and Helicobacter pylori, What Clinical Pharmacist should be know about Gastroeusophageal Reflux Disease, Clinical Pharmacists’ Approach to Lower Respiratory System Infections, Role of the Clinical Pharmacist in Asthma Management and Monitoring, Chronic Obstructive Respiratory Disease and Inhaler Devices, Approach to Meningitis Cases, Diabetes and Clinical Pharmacist.

NEPHAR 417 Radiopharmacy
Basic Atom, Radiation, Radioactivity Definitions, Types of Radiation, General Concepts of Radiopharmacy, Radiopharmaceuticals Different of Radiochemicals and other Drugs, Characteristics of Radiopharmaceuticals, Radiopharmacist, Radiopharmaceutic, Preparation and Applications of Radiopharmaceuticals and Radionuclides, Quality Controls of Radiopharmaceuticals and Generators, Adverse Reactions of Radiopharmaceuticals, GRP( Good Radiopharmacy Practice), Design and Development of Radiopharmaceuticals (Development of Formulation).

NEPHAR 418 Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Pharmaceutical Biotechnology has emerged as a new research field that arose as a result of the fusion of recombinant DNA technology and traditional pharmaceutical sciences. This course aims to provide basic knowledge for students about the processes such as recombinant DNA technology, transferring genetic information from one organism to another and selection of appropriate expression system such as bacterial expression systems, yeast, mammalian expression systems, insect cells, transgenic animals and plants for production of biopharmaceuticals, production and formulation of biopharmaceuticals derived by recombinant DNA technology, peptide protein delivery systems, non-viral DNA delivery systems, gene therapy, manufacturing of biopharmaceuticals under GMP conditions, and regulatory issues about biopharmaceuticals.

NEPHAR 419 Pharmaceutical Care
Drug treatment, written information, Creation and implementation of the patient plan, monitoring and evaluation of treatment outcomes, Pharmacovigilance. Reporting side effects, Patient records and protection of patients’ rights, Collaborative practice, Drug related problems and pharmacists intervention 2, Therapeutic target (goal) – develop the plan of pharmaceutical care for the individual patient, Patient care in patients with asthma, Patient care in patients with cardiovascular disease, Patient care in gynaecology, Patient care in self-medication, Patient care in mental health

NEPHAR 490 Pharmacy Practise III
There are 40 hours of training over the year (Fall and Spring terms) and it is compulsory in groups of this course. This internship can be carried out only at Near East University Hospital’s Pharmacy. There are periods in theoretical courses in them. At the end of the year, students will write a report that contains information about the processed theoretical and hospital internships.
Learning outcomes about the duties of the authority and responsibility of hospital pharmacists, hospitals to obtain general information about the Drug Management System is being used in pharmacy and system applications, inpatient drugs on public access to information, obtain general information about not lying medication to the patient, inventory control, drug supply ( procurement, purchase, control) to obtain information about the hospital pharmacist to learn about the workings of the commission and served as the commission; pharmacist to learn about the duties of these committees, information about specific drugs and their preparation are prepared in hospitals, hospital pharmacies in the shift system and the seizure learn about the role of hospital pharmacists, red, green, purple and orange prescription drugs, these drugs control and learn about management, hospital to learn about the tasks and management personnel in the pharmacy, to learn about relations with employees of the pharmacy and his team understand the importance of work, information on relations hospital in managers informed about relationships with other health professionals in hospitals, the relationship with the Health Institutions about knowledge acquisition, pharmacy sketch, plan, information about the layout.

NEPHAR 491 Pharmacy Practice IV
This internship can be carried out at any hospital pharmacy, private pharmacy, scientific research centre, drug industry, or official health organisation. Internship period is one month (at least 20 working days) and practiced during the 4th year’s Summer Term.

NEPHAR 501 Graduation Project
Each student works on a project with an academic advisor, writes and gives a poster presentation as their thesis for graduation.

NEPHAR 502 Rational Drug Use
The fundamental principles of rational drug use, individualization of drug therapy, application of rational drug use in common diseases, the effect of drug interactions on rational drug use.

NEPHAR 590 Pharmacy Practise V
This internship can be carried out only in 10th semester (Spring term). Internship period is 3 months (at least sixty consecutive working days). This internship can be carried out only at community Pharmacies or Hospital Pharmacies.

NEPHAR E800 Pharmacy Management
Competence about how to open a pharmacy and pharmacy business rules, accounting and tax information, pharmacy-warehouse relationships, rules and tips, drug tracking system, information on national healthcare system, modern pharmacy design and merchandising, technical information on pharmaceuticals and selling tips, technical information on dermocosmetics and selling tips.

NEPHAR E801 Industrial Pharmacy
Course planned basically to define potential role in pharmaceutical industry. Explain R&D process, Registration steps, Supply chain process, Organisation charts and job descriptions, Marketing and Sales, Medical Department responsibilities, Pharmacovigilance, Change Control System, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), QbD, Process Validations, Bioequivalency, Bioavailability.

NEPHAR E802 Pharmacy Services
Pharmacy Services course consists of five different modules. Each module given below contains information that will be useful for the pharmacists when counselling about health and drug.

A. Herbal Pharmaceutical Products
This course will be done by case studies, in which the students will be using their knowledge about herbal pharmaceutical products while giving counselling service for patients on drugs and healthcare. Each case study group investigate the case disorders and the herbal products in pharmacies for these diseases. Each group will prepare a presentation about herbal pharmaceutical products in pharmacies for treatment and/or supporting body for the related diseases. When an indication is the subject at the course, the group of students (pharmacists) who were to prepare HPPs for that indication, answer the questions of other students, who are pretending to be patients. By this practice, all the students experience patient-pharmacist relationship, as each group member is acting as a patient to another group.

B. Over the Counter (OTC) drugs
The pharmacologic groups and therapeutic uses of non-prescription or OTC drugs, adverse effects of OTC drugs, patient counselling and decision making for OTC drugs.

C. Clinical Pharmacy Practice
Clinical Pharmacy Practice consists of working in an institutional setting for 8 weeks. The students work under close supervision of the clinical preceptors. The primary objective of this practice experience is to introduce students to a hospital pharmaceutical care setting where they will develop basic technical skills, knowledge, application skills, professional judgment, communication skills, and competency necessary in the profession of pharmacy.

D. Advanced Communication Skills in Pharmacy Practice
This course will focus on advanced communication skills for pharmacy education. It aims providing a comprehensive and efficient method to explore and develop the skills of the pharmacy senior students. It highlights the importance of effective communication within teams to reduce risk and error. It aims to teach patient-centred care and assertiveness strategies to help pharmacist contribute more and to communicate well in a medical environment. Course content outline: patient-centred care (PCC) &guide to patient counselling, assertiveness, interviewing & assessment, communication with special patients & children, medication safety and communication.

E. Pharmaceutical Care
Use the basic principles of pharmaceutical car, the model of data collection and medication history review. Learn the principles of rational use of pharmacotherapy in the plan of pharmaceutical care. Understand treatment guidelines in care for patients with chronic diseases in case studies.