Nuclear Medicine

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The NEU Department of Nuclear Medicine offers services since 2010 with a comprehensive monitoring system, a latest technology product, that meets all the requirements of modern medicine. PET /CT (Positron emission tomography /Computed tomography) optical imaging system (GE Discovery STE16) and a Janus-headed SPECT Gama Camera ( GE Infinia) are available in our department. These systems are the first and the only on the island of Cyprus.

Nuclear Medicine is a scientific discipline related with the radioactive substances used in the diagnosis and the treatment of various diseases. In both diagnostic and treatment processes, specially prepared radioactive substances with specific doses are administrated by intravenous route, oral route or rarely injected locally. After a specific consultation period, the patients are monitored and 2 or 3 dimensional images can be taken by specific devices to detect radiation levels. In addition to radioactive substances used in Nuclear Medicine, Gama Camera and PET/CT are used for monitoring images. The three-dimensional (3D) imaging in nuclear medicine is carried out with Spect and Pet imaging scans by using radioactive materials.

Treatments with radioactive materials for various diseases, including thyroid (goiter) diseases are offered at the department. The amount of radioactive material received for treatment purposes is more than the amount given in diagnostic procedure. The amount of radiation that the patient receives from the procedure is relatively high. However, the positive result will worth it. The distance of rays that conducts the treatment can reach only a few millimeters, therefore only the target organ and tissues are affected. It doesn’t usually affect surrounding tissues. In some high dose applications, patients are likely to be kept under observation in private radioactive isolated rooms for 3 or 5 days.

    Specific Fields of Nuclear Medicine:
    Oncologic Applications:

  • in localization and staging of tumors,
  • in radiotherapy treatment planning,
  • in the assessment of treatment response and post-treatment follow-up,
  • in the treatment of painful osseous metastases
    Cardiac Applications:

  • in the diagnosis of coronary artery diseases,
  • follow up of those who had by-pass procedure

Renal Applications:
Diagnosis of Artesia of urethra, investigation of vesicoureteral reflux (leakage of urine from the bladder to the kidney), investigation of kidney infections(pyelonephritis)

Other Applications:
Goiter, various esophagus disorders and stomach diseases, gastrointestinal bleedings, investigating hidden sources of infection in the body, investigating functions of salivary gland, examination of lachrymal ducts