United Nations: http://www.un.org/en/index.html
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization established in 1945 with the purpose of promoting global cooperation among states. The central issues are peacekeeping and human rights. Currently UN is composed of 193 member states.
International Court of Justice: http://www.icj-cij.org/homepage/
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the major judicial body of the United Nations. It has been established simultaneously with the UN and it started operating in 1946. The principal task of the ICJ is to resolve the judicial disputes among the states, as well as to provide advisory opinions to legal questions submitted by authorized UN organs and specialized agencies.
International Criminal Court: http://www.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/icc/Pages/default.aspx
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first permanent international tribunal established independently from other international organizations. It began operating in 2002 after the Rome Statute establishing the ICC has been ratified by 60 States. The prime task of the Court is to adjudicate against perpetrators on the most sever crimes against the international community, such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has been established in 1949 and its key objective is to safeguard the freedom and security of its member states by political and military means. Currently there are 28 member states, and further membership is open to “any other European state in a position to further the principles [of NATO] and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic Area.”
World Trade Organization: https://www.wto.org/
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international organization that administers international trade and aims to contribute to economic growth and development of its member states. WTO started operating in 1995, although its predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) had been established already in 1948.
European Union: http://europa.eu/index_en.htm
The European Union (EU) is a supranational regional organization having its origins in 1951. It has 28 member states that share the values of peace, democracy and human rights. Despite its economic roots, over the decades the EU has evolved into a monetary, social and political union. As of 2015, 19 out of 28 member states share the “euro” (€) as their common currency.
Council of Europe: http://www.coe.int/en/
The Council of Europe is the leading regional human rights organization in Europe. It has been established in 1949 and currently consists of 47 member states, 28 of which are members of the European Union. Importantly, the Council of Europe is not a part of the EU as the membership of the former extends beyond the latter. The central aim of the organization is to promote human rights, democracy and the rule of law.
European Court of Human Rights: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng/
The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is the judicial institution of the Council of Europe established in 1959. It is based on the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which is the main human rights treaty in Europe. All 47 members of the Council of Europe are also parties to the ECHR. Both its member states and individuals can file proceedings to the ECtHR if any of the provisions of the ECHR have been violated.
International Committee of the Red Cross: https://www.icrc.org/
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian non-governmental organization established in 1863. Its main operational purpose is to protect and assist individuals such as war wounded, prisoners, refugees, civilians and other non-combatants in the areas of armed conflicts. Legally, the objective of the ICRC is to develop international humanitarian law, as well as prompt the awareness and adherence by States and all weapon bearers thereof.
Amnesty International: https://www.amnesty.org/en/
Amnesty International is a non-governmental organization (NGO) established in 1961 with the purpose of protecting human rights. Amnesty upholds international law to protect individuals and deliver justice for “anyone and everyone whose freedom and dignity are under threat.” The worldwide members and supporters of the NGO account for more than 7 million.