Courses Descriptions

OBJECTIVES AND CONTENTS OF THE COURSE:

Year 1

Constitutional Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW101&102)

Course Objective: This course examines the principles, doctrines and controversies regarding the basic structure of and division of powers of governments.

Course Content: Specific topics include judicial review, jurisdiction, standing to sue, federalism, federal and state powers and immunities and the separation of powers among the branches of the federal government.

Contract Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW103&104)

Course Objective: Understanding the origin and legal reasoning behind many of the contract clauses and terminology you use and understand why terms are couched in the way they are.

Course Content: Including capacity, formalities, terms, vitiating factors, discharge, remedies, and sale of goods and consumer protection legislation for accountants, business managers and other non-legal professionals.

Legal Research and Writing (course type: required; course code: ELAW105&106)

Course Objective: An introduction to sources of law, legal reasoning, interpretative methodologies, and professional responsibility.

Course Content: The sources and techniques for basic legal research. It develops and hones students’ ability to write about complex legal issues in a variety of settings and for a variety of audiences. Students have the opportunity to practice a number of skills, including interviewing, counselling, and oral argument. Classes include lectures, workshops, and simulated client representation exercises.

General Principles of Law & Comparative Legal Systems (course type: required; course code: ELAW107&108)

Course Objective: This course gives a general overview of law and legal systems. It covers the nature and sources of law, court systems, and the substantive areas of constitutional law, contracts, torts, criminal law, contracts, agency, and property.

Course Content: This course is geared towards providing students with the basic knowledge of all aspects of the law, critical legal thinking, and a comparative approach to the civil and common law systems. This course is a prerequisite for all other Legal Studies courses.

Human Rights (course type: required; course code: ELAW109)

Course Objective: The focus is on the protection of human rights, various aspects of the European Convention on Human Rights and especially the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights.

Course Content: The content of various human rights will be studied, like for example the right to life, the prohibition of torture, the right to liberty and the freedom of expression. Also the supervisory mechanism of the European Convention will be discussed as well as some general concepts and doctrines like positive obligations and the margin of appreciation.

English Legal System (course type: required; course code: ELAW111)

Course Objective: The objective of the course is to examine the English legal system to study in some detail how and by whom law is made, interpreted and applied.

Course Content: This course provides students with an insight into the workings of Parliament and the judiciary, knowledge of the structure of the English legal system and the impact of European and Human Rights provisions on domestic legislation.

Year 2

Administrative Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW201&202)

Course Objective: Branch of law governing the creation and operation of administrative agencies.

Course Content: Administrative law encompasses laws and legal principles governing the administration and regulation of government agencies. Such agencies are delegated power by Congress (or in the case of a state agency, the state legislature) to act as agents for the executive. Generally, administrative agencies are created to protect a public interest rather than to vindicate private rights.

Tort Law (course type: required; course code: 203&204)

Course Objective: This course continues students’ introduction to the law of torts which began with Introducing Law and Justice where trespass to the person and nuisance is covered

Course Content:  Torts considers the part of the law of torts concerning liability to pay compensation for wrongfully caused injury, damage or loss, with an emphasis on liability caused by negligence and breach of statutory duty. Students are introduced to the complexities of interpreting statutory regimes, and their inter-relationship with common law precedent. The course critically examines the wider social implications of various approaches to compensating those who suffer personal injury.

Criminal Law (course type: required; course code: 205&206)

Course Objective: Criminal law enforces and regulates social conduct, in addition to prohibiting threats, harm or other element that endangers the health, safety and moral welfare of people within a jurisdiction.

Course Content: This course studies the bases and limits of criminal liability. It covers the constitutional, statutory and case law rules that define, limit and provide defences to individual liability for the major criminal offenses.

International Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW207&208)

Course Objective: This course examines the legal rules and institutions that govern and influence world politics, as well as analysing the politics of international law.

Course Content: More generally, this course serves as a basic introduction to the rules, procedures, institutions and actors that are involved in the development, enforcement and adjudication of public international law. It will cover the nature and sources of international law; the role and influence of states, non-governmental organizations and international organizations; the law of treaties; customary international law; jurisdiction and immunities;; the law governing the use of force; international dispute resolution; and the role of the United Nations and of international judicial bodies.

History of Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW209)

Course Objective: The purpose of studying history of law is not simply to present facts but to search for an interpretation of the past. It is an attempt to find patterns and establish meaning. It is a necessity to understand nature of the legal institutions of today.

Course Content:

Law of the Sea: (course type: required; course code: ELAW210)

Course Objective: This module will introduce you to the comprehensive legal framework of the international law of the sea.

Course Content: You will examine the various maritime jurisdictional zones recognised in international law, including principles relating to the territorial sea, archipelagic waters, international straits, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas, and deep seabed. The module also considers the resolution of competing claims to maritime areas and resources, and focuses on concerns arising from human use of the oceans, such as maritime security and piracy, exploitation of offshore resources, fisheries management, the conservation of marine biodiversity, and marine pollution.

Year 3

Property Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW301)

Course Objective: The Property Course examines how property rights may be limited, in situations where more than one person has rights to the same piece of property, and in situations where one owner’s rights must be balanced against the rights of the owner of a separate piece of property.

Course Content: Topics covered in the Property Course may include: modes of acquisition of property (e.g., capture, find, creation), present possessory estates and future interests, co-ownership of property, marital property, landlord-tenant law, land sales, title recording systems, easements, restrictive covenants, nuisance, public land use regulation (including zoning, eminent domain, and the issue of regulatory takings), and global property issues.

Equity and Trusts Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW302)

Course Objective: This course introduces students to the doctrines of equity and the law of trusts.

Course Content: It traces the historical development of equity and its relationship with common law. Students will critically consider the appropriate application of a range of equitable doctrines to particular scenarios and the availability of different remedies. Students will also be introduced to the law of trusts and, in particular, the nature of a trust, legal requirements in establishing a trust as well as the rights, duties and powers associated with trusts. The course assumes familiarity with equitable doctrines taught in Contracts I and II (for instance, promissory estoppel, undue influence)

European Union Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW303)

Course Objective: The course will be a survey of the legal origins of the European Union and the synthesis of the major European legal traditions that has been achieved.

Course Content: It will focus primarily on the process of harmonizing national laws of the member states and economic integration in the area of competition law (anti-trust) and free movement of goods and services, with a view to understanding the legal identity of contemporary Europe.

Commercial Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW305)

Course Objective: The course provides an introduction to commercial law as a whole and focuses on some important aspects.

Course Content: It commences with the basic common law principles governing commercial contracts, including the topic of pre-contractual duties and remedies for breach of contract. The course then considers particular types of transactions in their commercial context including sales, credit and security, syndicated loans, derivatives, multi-party projects, and banking transactions. Aspects of commercial litigation including arbitration will also be considered. These examples are chosen to illustrate the commercial and practical problems arising in different market sectors. A consideration of these paradigms enables an exploration of a wide range of basic principles of law involving contract law, tort law, restitution, and commercial law.

Company Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW306)

Course Objective: The objectives of the course are that students will become familiar with these basic principles of law, so that they can apply them to a wide range of commercial transactions, in the light of the policy objectives which legal regulation pursues, and with an understanding of the context of commercial transactions in which the law operates

Course Content: The module will examine the fundamental principles which underlie company law and corporate finance. It examines what goes on behind the corporate veil; constitutional matters; the duties and liabilities of directors; shareholders’ rights and remedies, capital structures and maintenance, raising corporate finance through debt and equity, corporate governance for listed companies.

Philosophy of Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW307)

Course Objective: Philosophy of law, the formulation of concepts and theories to aid in understanding the nature of law, the sources of its authority, and its role in society

Course Content: This course examines fundamental issues in the philosophy of law, including the nature and content of law, its relation to morality, theories of legal interpretation, and the obligation to obey the law, as well as philosophical issues and problems associated with punishment and responsibility, liberty, and legal ethics.

Competition Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW308)

Course Objective: This course provides a comprehensive overview of the structure and substance of the EU competition rules, examining both the current legal framework and the underlying competition policy considerations which have informed its application and development.

Course Content: This course aims to provide participants with a comprehensive understanding of the core rules and principles that underpin the EU competition system, alongside broader competition policy considerations.  It does so through a systematic examination and assessment of each of these three areas of substantive competition law, as well as an exploration of the enforcement context plus the wider policy landscape.  Although the course focuses primarily on the competition rules of the EU, comparative analysis to other jurisdictions—particularly the US—will be made where appropriate.

Tax Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW310)

Course Objective: The course draws on our academic excellence in international taxation and public law.

Course Content: It includes a wide range of tax and law modules that are focused on comparative, rather than on UK law, so applications from international students are encouraged. Tax issues are relevant in tax and non-tax areas alike, such as competition law and family law, within its remit of marriage, divorce and estates. International business transactions and the management of state entities are both subject to the ramifications of UK and international tax.

Criminology (course type: required; course code: ELAW312)

Course Objective: Defining crime and an introduction to the criminal justice system.

Course Content: An examination of the historical origins and contemporary theoretical perspectives on the causes of crime and criminality including: physical and genetic factors; psychological theories; and sociologically based theories of crime. An introduction into the nature of and uses of criminal statistics.

Year 4

Aviation Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW405)

Course Objective: Air Law provides an introduction to the field of Air Law. It provides a general introduction to the comparative approach in air law

Course Content: It outlines the principles and rules of international law relevant to the use of air law and aviation. The specific topics include the analysis of codified international air law instruments such as the Convention on International Civil Aviation – The Chicago Convention of 1944 and its amendments and other sources of international air law.

Employment and Labour Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW406)

Course Objective: A study of the law governing the employment relationship, including the establishment and termination of that relationship.

Course Content: Specific topics studied include employee access to job opportunities, employer information gathering (including testing), prohibited discriminatory employment practices, regulation of wages, hours, and benefits of employment occupational safety and health, the developing concept of unjust discharge, and regulations providing protection of retirement benefits.

Conflict of Laws (course type: required; course code: ELAW408)

Course Objective: Conflict of laws – also known as private international law – is the area of law concerned with cases in which the facts present one or more international elements.

Course Content: The field’s three main questions are (1) jurisdiction (will an English court or a foreign court hear a case?), (2) choice of law (should the court apply its own law or that of a foreign country?), (3) the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgements. During the course, these three questions will frame reflection on a range of topics, including commercial/practical issues (e.g. how can companies structure their cross-border transactions), but also questions of a more political nature.

Criminal Procedure Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW401)

Course Objective:  This course examines the nature and purposes of the criminal law and the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Course Content: It examines the basic elements of criminal offences and the distinction between offences of full fault, strict and absolute liability. The topics that follow include a selection of substantive offences: the offences of dishonesty, unlawful homicides, and sexual and non-sexual non-fatal offences against the person. There follows an examination of the extended forms of liability: attempt and complicity. The course then proceeds to cover the major criminal defences of self defence, necessity and duress as well as denials of criminal responsibility on the ground of incapacity resulting from mental illness or impairment and intoxication.

Civil Procedure Law (course type: required; course code: ELAW403)

Course Objective: The purpose of the course is to introduce students to basic civil procedure in the legal system.

Course Content: The bulk of the course focuses on civil proceedings in the Magistrate’s Court although some reference will be made to High Court civil procedure. The course covers the courts with civil jurisdiction, questions of locus standi, action proceedings from letter of demand to trial and commonly utilised interlocutory applications such as summary judgment, exceptions, and Applications to Strike Out.

International Trade Law (course type: require; course code: ELAW407)

Course Objective: The goal for this course is for students to develop a core understanding of how the rules regulating international trade operate in practice, as well as in theory.

Course Content: The public policy, diplomatic and economic variables that bear on how the international trade rules embodied in the World Trade Organization agreements are negotiated and implemented, and how trade disputes are settled or adjuicated. It explores how governments, businesses, labor unions and farm groups jockey to use WTO rules to their advantage in competing for global market share and economic rents.

International Criminal Law (course type: require; course code: ELAW409)

Course Objective: The course, which is set squarely within the field of public international law, examines both the international rules governing states’ assertion and exercise of their respective national criminal jurisdictions and the body of international law relating to international crimes.

Course Content: The course will analyze the factual background and legal legal basis of the Nüremberg and Tokyo tribunals and International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, as well as selected jurisprudence of these tribunals. An emphasis will be placed on the statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) adopted in Rome 1998 and entered into force 1st July 2002. The role of the Security Council in the field of international criminal law will be discussed. Further, the course will discuss the implementation of international criminal law on the national level and some relevant jurisprudence of national courts.