Courses

Also available in: Türkçe

FIRST YEAR

1th Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
CHM 101 General Chemistry 4 5 Compulsory  
ENG 101 English I 3 3 Compulsory  
MTH 101 Mathematics I 4 6 Compulsory  
PGE 101 Introduction to Petroleum Engineering 2 5 Compulsory  
PHY 101 General Physics I 4 5 Compulsory  
ECC 101 Introduction to Programming 3 6 Compulsory
    20 30    

2nd Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
CHM 102 Physical Chemistry 3 7 Compulsory
ENG 102 English II 3 3 Compulsory
MTH 102 Mathematics II 4 6 Compulsory
PHY 102 General Physics II 4 5 Compulsory
YIT 101 Turkish for Foreign
Students
2 3 Compulsory
TDE 102 Technical Drawing 3 6 Compulsory
19 30

SECOND YEAR

3rd Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
ECC 207 Thermodynamics 4 7 Compulsory
ECC 211 Engineering Materials 4 7 Compulsory
MTH 201 Differential Equations 4 6 Compulsory
PGE 201 General Geology 4 5 Compulsory
PGE 221 Engineering Mechanics 3 5 Compulsory
19 30

4th Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
PGE 202 Petroleum Geology 3 5 Compulsory
PGE 204 Applied Mathematics for Petroleum Engineers 3 5 Compulsory
PGE 218 Rock Properties 3 6 Compulsory
PGE 220 Fluid Properties 3 6 Compulsory
ECC 213 Strength of Materials 4 5 Compulsory
NTE 3 3 N.Technical Elective
align=”center” 19 30    

THIRD YEAR

5th Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
PGE 300 Summer Practice I 0 4 Compulsory
PGE 301 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics 4 6 Compulsory
PGE 303 Petroleum Production Engineering I 3 5 Compulsory
PGE305 Petroleum Reservoir Engineering I 3 5 Compulsory
PGE 307 Drilling Engineering I 3 5 Compulsory
PGE 309 Statistics and Probability for Petroleum Engineers 3 5 Compulsory
16 30

6th Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
PGE 304 Petroleum
Production Engineering II
3 5 Compulsory
PGE 306 Petroleum
Reservoir Engineering II
3 5 Compulsory
PGE 308 Drilling Engineering II 4 5 Compulsory
PGE 310 Oil and Gas Pipeline System 3 5 Compulsory
PGE 312 Well Logging 3 5 Compulsory
Unrestricted
T. Elective
3 5 Unrestricted
T. Elective
19 30

FOURTH YEAR

7th Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
PGE 400 Summer Practice II 0 4 Compulsory
PGE 403 Natural Gas Engineering 3 5 Compulsory
PGE 405 Petroleum Engineering Design 3 6 Compulsory
PGE 411 Petroleum Property Valuation 3 5 Compulsory
T. Elective 3 5 T. Elective
T. Elective 3 5 T. Elective
15 30

8th Semester

Course Code Course Name CR ECTS Status Grade
PGE 402 Graduation Project 3 5 Compulsory
ECC 426 Economics For Engineering 3 5 Compulsory
T. Elective 3 5 T. Elective
T. Elective 3 5 T. Elective
T. Elective 3 5 T. Elective
T. Elective 3 5 T. Elective
18 30
Total Local Credit 145 / Total ECTS 240

Technical Electives

Code Title Credits
PGE 407 Reservoir Characterization 3
PGE 408 Geophysics for Petroleum Engineering 3
PGE 409 Process Control and Instrumentation 3
PGE 410 Special Topics in Petroleum and Natural 3
Gas Engineering: Gaseous Fuels From
Resource to the End User
PGE 413 Globalization and Petroleum Politics 3
PGE 414 Transport Phenomena in Geosystems 3
PGE 415 Pipeline Transportation Systems 3
PGE 416 Environmental Control in Petroleum 3
Engineering Operations
PGE 417 Petroleum and Natural Refining 3
Processes
PGE 418 Oil Transportation and Storage 3
PGE 419 Health & Safety and Risk 3
Management
PGE 420 Project Management 3
PGE 421 Introduction to Geothermal Reservoir 3
Engineering
PGE 422 Enhanced Oil Recovery 3
PGE 423 Pressure Control 3
PGE 424 Physical and Engineering Properties of 3
PGE 425 Rock
Directional Drilling
3
PGE 426 Petroleum Geochemistry 3
PGE 427 Well Stimulation 3
PGE 428 Transportation and Storage of Natural 3
Gas
PGE 429 Well Design Control 3
PGE 430 Hydrocarbon Geophysics 3
PGE 431 Geological Maps and Cartography 3
PGE 432 Safety & Environmental Protection 3
PGE 433 Well Design 3
PGE 434 Individual Study 3
PGE 435 Petroleum Fuels Market & Segment 3
PGE 436 Simulating of Geosystems 3
PGE 437 Well Test Analysis 3
PGE 438 Special Operation in Drilling 3
PGE 439 LPG Technology and Sector 3
Fall Semester (21/21 credits, 30/30 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
CHM 101 General Chemistry (4,1) 4 5 BS
ENG 101 English I (3,0) 3 3 ECS
MTH 101 Mathematics I (4,0) 4 6 MT
PGE 101 Introduction to Petroleum
Engineering
(2,0) 2 5 OPE
PHY 101 General Physics I (4,1) 4 5 BS
ECC 101 Introduction to Programming (3,1) 3 6 CS

Spring Semester (19/40 credits, 30/60 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
CHM 102 Physical Chemistry (3,0) 3 7 OPE CHM 101
ENG 102 English II (3,0) 3 3 ECS ENG 101
MTH 102 Mathematics II (4,0) 4 6 MT MTH 101
PHY 102 General Physics II (4,1) 4 5 BS PHY 101
YIT 101 Turkish for Foreign Students (2,0) 2 3 ECS
TDE 102 Technical Drawing (3,1) 3 6 OPE
Fall Semester (19/59 credits, 30/90 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
ECC 207 Thermodynamics (4,0) 4 7 OPE
ECC 211 Engineering Materials (4,0) 4 7 OPE
MTH 201 Differential Equations (4,0) 4 6 MT MTH 102
PGE 201 General Geology (4,0) 4 5 OPE
PGE 221 Engineering Mechanics (3,0) 3 5 OPE PHY 101

Spring Semester (19/78 credits, 30/120 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
PGE 202 Petroleum Geology (3,0) 3 5 OPE PGE 201
PGE 204 Applied Mathematics for Petroleum Engineers (3,0) 3 5 MT MTH 101
PGE 218 Rock Properties (3,1) 3 6 OPE
PGE 220 Fluid Properties (3,1) 3 6 OPE
ECC 213 Strength of Materials (4,0) 4 5 OPE PGE 221
NTE Non-Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 ECS
Fall Semester (16/94 credits, 30/150 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
PGE 300 Summer Practice I 4 SI
PGE 301 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics (4,0) 4 6 OPE MTH 201
PGE 303 Petroleum Production Engineering I (3,0) 3 5 OPE
PGE305 Petroleum Reservoir
Engineering I
(3,0) 3 5 OPE
PGE 307 Drilling Engineering I (3,0) 3 5 OPE
PGE 309 Statistics and Probability for
Petroleum Engineers
(3,0) 3 5 MT MTH 102

Spring Semester (19/113 credits, 30/180 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
PGE 304 Petroleum Production
Engineering II
(3,0) 3 5 OPE PGE 303
PGE 306 Petroleum Reservoir Engineering II (3,0) 3 5 OPE PGE305
PGE 308 Drilling Engineering II (4,0) 4 5 OPE PGE 307
PGE 310 Oil and Gas Pipeline System (3,0) 3 5 OPE
PGE 312 Well Logging (3,0) 3 5 OPE
Unrestricted
T. Elective
Unrestricted Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 EPE
Fall Semester (15/128 credits, 30/210 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
PGE 400 Summer Practice II 4 SI PGE300
PGE 403 Natural Gas Engineering (3,0) 3 5 OPE
PGE 405* Petroleum Engineering Design (3,0) 3 6 BT
PGE 411 Petroleum Property Valuation (3,0) 3 5 OPE
T. Elective Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 EPE
T. Elective Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 EPE

Spring Semester (18/146 credits, 30/240 ECTS)

Course Code Course Name (Hour) Credit ECTS Category Prerequisite
PGE 402 Graduation Project (3,0) 3 5 BT PGE 405
ECC 426 Economics For Engineering (3,0) 3 5 ECS
T. Elective Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 EPS
T. Elective Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 EPE
T. Elective Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 EPE
T. Elective Technical Elective (3,0) 3 5 EPE

*To enroll PGE 405 Petroleum Engineering Design course, PGE 303, PGE305 & PEG 307 are to be passed. MT: Mathematics, BS: Basic Science, ECS: English Composition and Social Sciences, CS: Computer Science, OPE: Obligatory Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Courses, EPE: Elective Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Courses, BT: Bachelor’s Thesis, SI: Summer Internship.

FIRST YEAR
CHEM 101 General Chemistry I (4 credit)
A basic course with emphasizing the metric system. Introduction to atomic theory, stoichiometry. The structural and physical properties of matter. Periodic relationship among elements and periodic table. Gaseous state. Thermochemistry. Energy and enthalpy. Electronic structure of atoms. Electrochemistry. Chemical bonding.
Prerequisite:-

ENG 101 English I (3 credit)
Develops reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills by encouraging students to use language forms that they learn through reading and listening. The students are exposed to extensive reading both in and outside the classroom. They are encouraged to read a variety of texts such as short stories, academic articles, research reports, reviews and journalistic texts as well as chapters from textbooks.
Prerequisite:-

MTH 101 Mathematics I (4 credit)
Functions, limits and continuity. Derivatives. Mean value theorem. Sketching graphs. Definite integrals, infinite integrals (antiderivatives). Logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions and their derivatives. L’Hospital’s rule. Techniques of integration. Applications of the definite integral, improper integrals.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 101 Introduction to Petroleum Engineering (2 credit)
A course designed to acquaint the students with the basic concepts of petroleum industries. Historical background, sources, world supply and demand, chemical and physical properties of petroleum. Introduction to petroleum exploration, reservoir types and engineering concepts, production methods, refining and transportation of natural hydrocarbons. Engineering ethics, health, safety and environmental aspects in petroleum engineering profession.
Prerequisite: –

PHY 101 General Physics I (4 credit)
Measurement, vectors, kinematics, force, mass. Newton’s laws, applications of Newton’s laws. Work and kinetic energy. Conservation of linear momentum. Impulse, collisions, rotation, moments of inertia. Torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum, static equilibrium.
Prerequisite: –

ECC 101 Introduction to Programming (3 credit)
An introduction to fundamental concepts. Algorithms and flowcharts as tools of program design process. Basic program structure. Input/output statements. Control structures: Selection and repetition statements and arrays. Concept of modular programming: Procedures and Functions.
Prerequisite: –

CHEM 102 Physical Chemistry (3 credit)
A basic course with emphasizing the metric system. Introduction to atomic theory, stoichiometry. The structural and physical properties of matter. Periodic relationship among elements and periodic table. Gaseous state. Thermochemistry. Energy and enthalpy. Electronic structure of atoms. Electrochemistry. Chemical bonding.
Prerequisite: CHEM 101

ENG 102 English II (3 credit)
Develops students’ autonomy, evaluation, analysis and research skills and synthesizing ability. Students will learn the discourse patterns and structures to be used in different essay types. An academic essay and a project report are assigned.
Prerequisite: ENG 101

MTH 102 Mathematics II (4 credit)
Plane and polar co-ordinates, area in polar co-ordinates, arc length of curves. Limit, continuity and differentiability of function of several variables, extreme values, method of Lagrange multipliers. Double integral, triple integral with applications. Line integrals, Green’s theorem. Sequences, infinite series, power series, Taylor’s series. Complex numbers.
Prerequisite: MTH 101

PHY 102 General Physics II (4 credit)
Electrical charges. Coulomb’s law. Electrical fields. Gauss’s law. Electrical potential. Capacitance and dielectrics. Current and resistance. Direct current circuits. Magnetic fields. Sources of the magnetic field. Faraday’s law of induction. Inductance and inductors.
Prerequisite: PHY 101

YIT 101 Turkish for Foreign Students (2 credit)
This course is a course for foreign students to gain skills of reading, writing, speaking, listening and understanding Turkish.
Prerequisite: –

TDE 102 Technical Drawing (3 credit)
Introduction to technical drawing. Drawing instruments and their use, lettering, lines, geometry of straight lines, scale drawing. Dimensions. Development of surfaces, shape description, selection of views, projecting the views. Pictorial drawing, diametric trimetric projection. Isometric projection, oblique projection. Perspective drawing cross section.
Prerequisite: –

YEAR 2
PGE 201 General Geology (4 credit)
Structure of the Earth. Elements, minerals, and rocks of the Earth`s crust. Igneous and metamorphic processes. Weathering. Sedimentary processes. Geological external processes. Rock formation. Earth`s dynamic processes and rock deformation. Map studies.
Prerequisite: –

MTH 201 Differential Equations (4 credit)
Ordinary and partial differential equations. Explicit solutions. First-order differential equations, separable, homogenous differential equations. Ordinary linear differential equations. Bernoulli differential equations. Cauchy-differential equations. High-order ordinary differential equations. Introduction to Laplace transforms. Introduction to series method for solving differential equations. Linear systems of differential equations
Prerequisite: MAT 102

PGE 202 Petroleum Geology (3 credit)
The goal of this course is to obtain knowledge of the origins of petroleum and gas. An overview is given on the conditions that are needed for oil and gas to accumulate in reservoirs. Moreover, techniques to find and exploit these reservoirs are highlighted. The focus always is on the task of the petroleum geologist during the different phases of oil and gas exploration and production.
Prerequisite: PGE 201

PGE 204 Applied Mathematics for Petroleum Engineers (3 credit)
This course is designed to give second year petroleum and natural gas engineering students’ fundamental concepts of vector calculus and linear algebra relevant to their fields, solutions of linear algebraic systems of equations, eigenvalues, roots of nonlinear equations, interpolation, and numerical differentiation and integration
Prerequisite: MTH 201

ECC 207 Thermodynamics (4 credit)
Basic concepts and definitions of classical thermodynamics. Thermodynamic processes, work and heat interactions. First law for systems and for flow processes. Second law and entropy, irreversibility and availability.
Prerequisite: –

ECC 211 Engineering Materials (4 credit)
Materials and properties. Atomic structure and interatomic bonding, crystal structure, crystal imperfections, solid solutions. Mechanical properties of materials, elastic and plastic deformation. Behavior of materials under tension, compression and shear. Hardness and hardness measurement. Dislocation and strengthening mechanism. Phase equilibria, phase diagrams, the iron –carbon system, solid reactions, and microstructures. Structure and properties of ceramics. Polymer structure.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 218 Rock Properties (3 credit)
Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks and measurement procedures: Coring and core handling; sandstone and carbonate reservoir rock and pore types; fundamental porosity, grain density, permeability and saturation properties; special core analysis such as mechanical, acoustic and electrical properties; multiphase rock and fluid interactions, interfacial tension, capillary pressure, wettability and relative permeability properties.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 220 Fluid Properties (3 credit)
Properties of fluids encountered in petroleum engineering. Phase behavior, density, viscosity, interfacial tension, and composition of oil, gas and brine systems. PVT relationships of hydrocarbon gas and liquid systems. Thermodynamic behavior of naturally occurring hydrocarbon mixtures; evaluation and correlation of physical properties of petroleum reservoir fluids, including laboratory and empirical methods. Interpreting lab data for engineering applications. Flash calculations.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 221 Engineering Mechanics (3 credit)
Introduction, Force Vectors, Force System Resultants, Equilibrium of Particles, Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies and Frames, analysis of Trusses, Analysis of Beams, Centroid and Moments of Inertia.
Prerequisite: PHY 101

ECC 213 Strength of Materials (4 credit)
Introduction. Internal force diagrams. Analysis of stress and strain. Hooke’s law. Yield criteria and plasticity. Axial force. Pure shear. Torsion of circular bars and thin walled tubes. Moment of inertia of cross-sections. Simple bending. Stress and strain, Mohr’s circle. Bending with shear. The shear center. The shear center of thin walled sections. Elastic curve for symmetrical cross-sections. Study of elastic curve by various methods. Effect of shear on the elastic curve. Axial force with bending. Materials not resistant to tension. Bending with torsion. Energy methods. Theorem of virtual work. Theorems of Betti and Castigliano. Minimum principles. Elastic stability. Euler cases. Buckling beyond the elastic limit, method of omega multiplier, approximate methods, and Rayleigh ratio.
Prerequisite: ME 211

YEAR 3
PGE 300 Summer Practice I (0 credit)
A minimum of four weeks (20 working days) of Summer Practice is obligatory to fulfill the requirements for the B.Sc. degree. The first practice is preferred to be in drilling operations after the second year. The training is based on the content of the summer practice manual.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 301 Fluid Mechanics (4 credit)
Properties of fluids. Basic Concepts of Fluids in Fluid Mechanics. Classifications of Fluid Flow. Fluid Statics. Pressure Intensity, Pressure Heads, Buoyancy and Flotation. Hydrostatic Forces on a Submerged Surface. Fluid Kinematics. Fluid Mass under acceleration. Continuity Equation. Bernoulli Equation. Laminar and Turbulent Pipe Flow. One Dimensional Pipe Flow.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 303 Petroleum Production Engineering I (3 credit)
Drill stem testing, well completion methods, completion fluids and sand control. Perforating, well head equipment and flow control devices, production packers, and oil and gas separators. Flowing well performance, sucker rod pumping, submersible electrical centrifugal pumping, well stimulation techniques; acidizing, hydraulic fracturing.
Prerequisite: – PGE 218, PGE 220

PGE 304 Petroleum Production Engineering II (3 credit)
Drill stem testing, well completion methods, completion fluids and sand control. Perforating, well head equipment and flow control devices, production packers, and oil and gas separators. Flowing well performance, sucker rod pumping, submersible electrical centrifugal pumping, well stimulation techniques; acidizing, hydraulic fracturing.
Prerequisite: PGE 303

PGE 305 Petroleum Reservoir Engineering I (3 credit)
Estimation of hydrocarbon pore volume and recovery factor. Classification of oil reservoirs. Reservoir performance prediction for solution gas drive, water drive, gas-cap drive, drainage and combination drive reservoirs using material balance approach. Water influx theory. Water and gas coning in oil producing formations. Characterization of fractured reservoirs. Decline Curve Analysis.
Prerequisite: – PGE 218, PGE 220

PGE 306 Petroleum Reservoir Engineering II (3 credit)
Steady and unsteady state single phase flow equations through porous media, steady and unsteady superposition. Multiphase flow through porous media. Reservoir characterization in homogeneous and heterogeneous reservoirs by pressure and tracer testing.
Prerequisite: PGE 305

PGE 307 Drilling Engineering I (3 credit)
Drilling machinery: hole and equipment. Drilling fluids and hydraulics. Cementing and hydraulics. Drill off tests (bit performances). Pressure control.
Prerequisite: – PGE 218, PGE 220

PGE 308 Drilling Engineering II (4 credit)
Directional drilling (Tangential, ROC and Minimum Curvature Methods). Drill string design (neutral point of tension and compression, neutral point of bending, Lubinski’s stresses, and margin of over pull). Casing design (biaxial, triaxial). Casing setting (buckling and well head loads).
Prerequisite: PGE 307

PGE 309 Statistics and Probability for Petroleum Engineers (3 credit)
Complex numbers, Matrix algebra, Methods of solution of linear equation systems. Vectors in 2D-Space and 3D-Space, Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors, Diagonalizations, Fourier Series. Applied Probability and Statistics.
Prerequisite: MTH 102

PGE 310 Oil and Gas Pipeline System (3 credit)
Importance of pipelines: pipelines as element of infrastructure, economical comparison of pipelines with other transportation systems, safety of pipelines, transportation tasks and dimensioning of pipelines, profitability investigation of pipelines. Planning and designing of pipelines: right of way, pipelines, stations, and execution of pipeline projects. Calculation of pipelines: pressure losses and flow rates, energy demand, pressure surge calculations, pipe strength calculations. Line pipes and fittings: line pipe materials, fabrication of line pipes, fittings, line pipe testing and inspection. Construction works and corrosion protection of pipelines.
Prerequisite: – PGE 301

PGE 312 Well Logging (3 credit)
Principles and operation of gamma ray, spontaneous potential, caliper, resistivity (micro and focused), density neutron, sonic, cement bond and variable density, dipmeter and production well logging tools. Interpretation of well log and their cross-plotting techniques. Determination of formation properties such as porosity, hydrocarbon saturation, lithology, zone thickness, shaliness, etc. Guidelines to select proper logs in given field conditions.
Prerequisite: – PGE 202

YEAR 4
PGE 400 Summer Practice II
A minimum of four weeks (20 working days) of summer practice is obligatory to fulfill the requirements for the B.Sc. degree. The second practice is for production and/or reservoir engineering after the third year of undergraduate education. The training is based on the content of the summer practice manual.
Prerequisite: PGE 300

PGE 402 Graduation Project II (4 credit)
Application of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering theories and topics on paper for design. The graduation project is chosen by the students and taken up after the approval of the relevant lecturer.
Prerequisite: – PGE 401

PGE 403 Natural Gas Engineering (3 credit)
Properties of natural gases, hydrate formation. Estimation of gas reserves. Gas well testing. Estimation of gas deliverability. Gas flow measurement. Natural gas deliverability. Natural gas transmission, design of gathering systems. Field treating and processing of natural gas. Compressor horsepower requirement.
Prerequisite: – PGE 303, PGE 305, PGE 307

PGE 405 Petroleum Engineering Design I (3 Credit)
Development and use of design methodology, formulation of design problem statements and specifications, consideration of alternate solutions, feasibility, considerations. Development of student creativity by using open ended problems. Project engineering and management of engineering projects. Design of drilling projects.
Prerequisite: – PGE 303, PGE 305, PGE 307

PGE 411 Petroleum Property Valuation (3 credit)
The aim of our course is to study the profit analysis and to make feasibility studies for the valuation of oil and gas properties. In order to be able to make these kind of studies, we must know the amount of oil and gas producible from a field and this can be obtained through engineering analysis.
Prerequisite: – PGE 303, PGE 305, PGE 307 ECC 426 Economics for Engineers (3 credit)
Principles and economic analysis of engineering decision making. Cost concept. Economic environment. Price and demand relations. Competition. Make-versus-purchase studies. Principles and applications of money-time relations. Depreciation. Many and banking. Price changes and inflation. Business and company 0finance.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 407 Reservoir Characterization (3 credit)
Definition of petroleum reservoir heterogeneity using conventional methods and possible improvements to these methods. Review of basic statistical concepts and methods. Reservoir Rock and Fluid Property Evaluation by Statistical Methods. Scale-up and Simulator Data Preparation. Emerging Methods in Petroleum Reservoir Characterization. Case studies from oil industry.
Prerequisite: PGE 306

PGE 408 Geophysical Analysis (3 credit)
This module is an introduction to geophysical signal analysis which is concerned with the construction, analysis, and interpretation of mathematical and statistical models. In general, it is intended to provide material of interest to upper undergraduate students in mathematics, science, and engineering.
Prerequisite: PGE 201

PGE 409 Process Control and Instrumentation (3 credit)
Introduction to Process Measurement, Pressure Measurement, Level Measurement, Temperature Measurement, Flow Measurement, Control Valves, Process Considerations, Transmission of Measurement Signals, Basic Control Concepts, Complex Control Systems, Computer Control Systems, Networks
Prerequisite: ECC 207

PGE 410 Special Topics in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering: Gaseous Fuels from Resource to the End User (3 credit)
Chemical and physical properties of propane, butane and propane-butane mixtures, industrial uses of LPG in automotive and in energy sector, quality and quality control in industrial establishments, safety. Laboratory testing, concepts of standards, measurement uncertainty, measurement quality. Invited lecturers from industry and visits to industrial sites.
Prerequisite: – PGE 303

PGE 412 Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties (3 credit)
Fundamental properties of fluid-permeated rocks; porosity, permeability, saturation and electrical properties; properties of porous media with multiple fluid saturations; wettability, capillarity and relative permeability. PVT relationships of hydrocarbon gas and liquid systems. Reservoir fluid characteristics of hydrocarbons and formation waters.
Prerequisite: PGE 305

PGE 413 Globalization and Petroleum Politics (3 credit)
As global energy demand increases, sources of oil and gas are becoming incredibly important to nations whose citizens continue to grow more dependent on them. This dependence has led to a more robust international petroleum industry, as a result of globalization, underlined by an increase in stakeholders and complicated contractual frameworks.
Prerequisite: –

PGE 414 Transport Phenomena in Geosystems (3 credit)
Applications of mass, heat and momentum balances to fluid flow problems. Shell balances. Non- Newtonian fluids. Transport processes in porous media.
Prerequisite: PGE 301

PGE 415 Pipeline Transportation Systems (3 credit)
Importance of pipelines: pipelines as element of infrastructure, economical comparison of pipelines with other transportation systems, safety of pipelines, transportation tasks and dimensioning of pipelines, profitability investigation of pipelines. Planning and designing of pipelines: right of way, pipelines, stations, and execution of pipeline projects. Calculation of pipelines: pressure losses and flow rates, energy demand, pressure surge calculations, pipe strength calculations. Line pipes and fittings: line pipe materials, fabrication of line pipes, fittings, line pipe testing and inspection. Construction works and corrosion protection of pipelines.
Prerequisite: PGE 301

PGE 416 Environmental Control in Petroleum Engineering Operations (3 credit)
Principles of environmental control in petroleum engineering. The impact of drilling and production operations. Environmental transport of petroleum wastes. Planning for environmental protection. Waste treatment methods. Remediation of contaminated sites.
Prerequisite: PGE 303 and PGE 307

PGE 417 Petroleum and Refining Processes (3 credit)
This module highlights contemporary approaches to resource utilization and provides comprehensive coverage of technological advances in residuum conversion. It illustrates state-of-the-art engineering methods for the refinement of heavy oils, bitumen, and other high-Sulphur feedstocks.
Prerequisite: ECC 207

PGE 418 Oil Transportation and Storage (3 credit)
Waterborne Transportation, Oil Spills, Storage Facilities, Oil Pipelines, World Oil Transit Checkpoints, Marine Tankers and Barges, Super tankers, Oil tankers, Barges, Marine vessels for transporting LPG and LNG, Aboveground Tank Storage of Liquid Petroleum Products, Storage Tanks, Tank Farm.
Prerequisite: PGE 301

PGE 419 Health & Safety and Risk Management (3 credit)
This course develops a foundation of Health & Safety concepts and stakeholders, Risk assessment of engineering developments, Hazard identification and protection methods, Business Continuity Planning (BCP) and Management of health and safety in oil and gas industry.
Prerequisite: PGE 303 and PGE 307

PGE 420 Project Management (3 credit)
This course develops a foundation of concepts and solutions that supports the planning, scheduling, controlling, resource allocation, and performance measurement activities and leadership traits required for successful completion of oil and gas engineering projects.
Prerequisite: PGE 303, PGE 305 and PGE 307

PGE 421 Introduction to Geothermal Reservoir Engineering (3 credit)
Classification of geothermal reservoirs, distribution and characteristics of geothermal resources. Physical aspects of hydrothermal systems. Assessment of geothermal resources. Well completion and warm-up, measurements during drilling; temperature log, the completion tests, pressure log. Flow testing. Well performance.
Prerequisite: ECC 207

PGE 422 Enhanced Oil Recovery (3 credit)
Enhanced oil recovery methods and limitations improved oil recovery, Fractured Reservoirs, Shale Gas., Coal Gas Methane, Buckley Leveret Displacement Mechanism Miscible and immiscible gas drives. Steam and steam drive applications. In-situ Combustion. Chemical EOR. Polymer and surfactant flooding, microbial flooding.
Prerequisite: PGE 303

PGE 423 Pressure Control (3 credit)
Origin and detection of abnormal formation pressures. Principles of pressure control: behavior of gas in drilling fluids, mechanics of bubble rise. Pressure control methods: driller, engineer, concernment and low choke pressure methods. Prediction methods for fracture pressure gradient. Drilling and completion concepts in over pressured formations. Pressure control equipment. Special problems.
Prerequisite: PGE 307

PGE 424 Physical and Engineering Properties of Rock (3 credit)
Rock as an engineering material, rock and rock mass classifications. Physical properties of rock, weathering and slaking. Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks and measurement procedures: Coring and core handling; sandstone and carbonate reservoir rock and pore types; fundamental porosity, grain density, permeability and saturation properties; special core analysis such as mechanical, acoustic and electrical properties; multiphase rock and fluid interactions, interfacial tension, capillary pressure, wettability and relative permeability properties. Oral presentation on a specific topic of rock properties.
Prerequisite: PGE 201

PGE 425 Directional Drilling (3 credit)
Directional drilling applications and limitations. Terminology, the best way to better planning objectives and targets: Calculations and data collection. MWD (Measurements While Drilling). Bottom Hole Assembly drilling equipment: drilling tools and methods of kick off. Drilling motors, drill bits, and BHAs (Bottom Hole Assembly). Well head operations. Reservoir considerations during the design aspects of directional drilling. Drilling and surface locations requirements. Torque and drag (torque and drag) models. Types of horizontal wells and plans. Logging, coring, and completion techniques. Well-stability (wellbore stability) issues and well cleaning requirements.
Prerequisite: PGE 307

PGE 426 Petroleum Geochemistry (3 credit)
The course involves in basic organic chemistry, origin, generation, migration and accumulation of oil and gas. Alteration of hydrocarbons in the reservoir. Application correlation studies to production allocation problems which petroleum engineers are met.
Prerequisite: ECC 207

PGE 427 Well Stimulation (3 credit)
In this course, participants will first learn the fundamental science related to geosciences, rock mechanics, and fluid mechanics, and then gain know-how knowledge on the principles of well stimulations followed by practical skills related to design and evaluation of stimulation treatments. At the end of this course, participants will gain the ability and confidence in solving real-world problems by integrating physics, geology, rock mechanics, formation evaluation, production and reservoir engineering. Examples, case studies, and leading software demonstration/practices will further enhance participants’ knowledge and skills acquired in this course.
Prerequisite: PGE 303

PGE 428 Transportation and Storage of Natural Gas (3 credit)
Transportation of natural gas, Design and construction of natural gas pipelines, Liquifed Natural Gas (LNG).Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Underground Storage of Natural Gas.
Prerequisite: PGE 301

PGE 429 Well Design Control (3 credit)
Well Design and Control are very important for a successful drilling operation. The well design concepts are very important to be comprehended by the engineer in charge of the operation. The Well Control measures are determined in place taking into consideration the policy requirements of the organizations. Well Control fundamentals are in place being used by the industry since the early 1960s. Accident statistics show that the merits of training, and most individuals involved in drilling or other well operations do receive well control training, topics of which are based on the subjects determined by forums recognized by the main drivers of the industry. This course is aiming the determination of the basic well design requirements and main aspects of the well control procedures.
Prerequisite: PGE 307

PGE 430 Hydrocarbon Geophysics (3 credit)
Description of Hydrocarbons (Fossil Fuels), A brief history of hydrocarbon exploration, Passive Geophysical methods for hydrocarbon explorations (Gravity, Magnetic and EM methods., Theory and Principles), Student presentations-I (first project topics- coal, oil and natural gas explorations with passive geophysical methods), Active geophysical methods for hydrocarbon explorations (Seismic methods, Theory and Principles), Introduction to seismic amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) Analysis, Seismic modeling of hydrocarbon bearing structural traps (geometrical and resolutional aspects), A new energy source, Gas Hydrates, Exploration of gas hydrates and their economic and environmental importance, Student presentations-II (second project topics- Oil, natural gas and gas hydrate explorations with active geophysical methods), Overall evaluation of the methods in hydrocarbon exploration.
Prerequisite: PGE 202

PGE 431 Geological Maps and Cartography (3 credit)
Importance of geological maps in engineering projects. Properties of the linear and planar structures. Properties of topographic maps and contouring. Surface geology and relationships between surface and subsurface planar structures. Structure contours and their importance. Preparation and interpretation of geological maps based on structure contours. Map pattern and cross sections of undeformed areas. Map pattern and cross sections of folded beds. Map pattern and cross sections of unconformities. Map pattern and cross sections of faulted regions. Map pattern and cross sections of non-bedded units. Interpretation of geological maps.
Prerequisite: PGE 201

PGE 432 Safety & Environmental Protection (3 credit)
Wide variety of subjects in health, safety and environmental protection in the activities and facilities of oil, gas, and geothermal industries are covered in the course. A term project is assigned to groups of students who are required to present their work to other groups, and group projects are required to be reported.
Prerequisite: PGE 303 and PGE 307

PGE 433 Well Design (3 credit)
Describing operational sequences, Well Design presents a unified approach to well design process and an overview from spudding the well through drilling and completion to startup and production. The information is then applied to fracture gradient curve design, which serves as input to the well design process. Following designs shall mainly be cored in the course; Casing Design, Mud Design, Drill String Design, Sucker Rod Pumping Unit Design, Gas Lift Design. Discussions regarding the potential for optimization will conclude the course.
Prerequisite: PGE 303 and PGE 307

PGE 434 Individual Study (3 credit)
Literature search in area of interest (in the area of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering), in class discussions and paper presentations in the area of interest, preparation of final report and final report presentation.
Prerequisite:-

PGE 435 Petroleum Fuels Market & Segment (3 credit)
This course aims to get basic products derived from petroleum and their market perspectives and that of segmenting the products namely fuels. This course is primarily designed for the students from 5 th semester and upwards. It is highly recommended for 7 and 8 semester students before they leave the department as young professionals. This course will provide these young engineers with the basic understanding of what they would deal with as they begin their professional life in working environment. Further, the fields dealt with professional institutions and International market tools i.e. Platt’s, EPDK and relevant terminologies and their applications in business are discussed.
Prerequisite: PGE 303, PGE 305, PGE 307 PGE 436 Simulating of Geosystems (3 credit)
Simulation in general (incentives for simulation, planning a simulation study). Equations for mass/heat
flow in permeable/porous media. Modeling concepts (finite differences, 1D, 2D and 3D mass/heat flow domains). Selecting reservoir-rock and fluid-properties data. Selecting grid block and time steps. Placement of wells in grid blocks. History matching and predicting future performance of geosystems by numerical simulation. Applications of simulation to oil and gas reservoirs as well as geothermal reservoirs.
Prerequisite: MTH 201

PGE 437 Well Test Analysis (3 credit)
Fundamentals of well testing and analysis; Injection/falloff, drawdown/buildup tests; Derivations of flow equations describing unsteady flow of fluids (single, multi-phase fluid flow) in porous media; Solutions of diffusivity equations with different initial and boundary conditions; Interference testing; Modelling of wellbore storage and skin effects; Conventional analysis techniques (manual type-curve matching and straight line methods); Modern analysis techniques (pressure-derivative and pressure-integral methods, computer aided automated type-curve matching); Superposition in space and time (modelling interference effects between wells, boundary and variable flow rate effects); Flow regimes observed in vertical wells producing in infinite and bounded homogeneous systems; Convolution and Deconvolution; Well test analysis in gas wells; Drill stem testing (DST); An overview of pressure transient analyses in complex well/reservoir systems (horizontal wells, naturally fractured reservoirs).
Prerequisite: PGE 306

PGE 438 Special Operation in Drilling (3 credit)
Coring; coring techniques. Fishing; differential sticking, free-point detection, string-shot back-off taps and die collars, spears and overshots, washover pipe, cutters, investigation of field case studies. Measurement while drilling techniques.
Prerequisite: PGE 308

PGE 439 LPG Technology and Sector (3 credit)
History of LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) utilization and trade in Turkey and in the world. LPG properties, phase behavior, production, storage and bottling facilities, land and sea born transport. LPG consumption as bottled, bulk and fuel in motor vehicles. Safety measures for LPG fires and hazards. LPG sector and market in Turkey. Laws, legislation, and standards for LPG operations, facilities, and consumption. Technical trip to LPG storage facility and filling station.
Prerequisite: PGE 305