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3-D Tumor Operation

Upon the application of Derviş Niğen to Near East University Hospital Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery with a complaint of swelling in the upper palate, and as the biopsy examinations revealed that the patient was suffering from a tumor, a three dimensional model of the patient’s skull was created with the help of the tomography images by the NEU 3D Laboratory. The operation to remove the tumor was planned on the model by the Head of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Prof. Dr. Ferhat Erişir and his team The palate prosthesis exclusively made by the Hospital of Faculty of Dentistry of Near East University placed in the upper jaw bone which was removed with the teeth at the operation carried out at the Near East University Hospital of Faculty Of Dentistry. Such an operation is the first in our country. Prof. Dr. Ferhat Erişir: “Half of the patient’s upper jawbone and teeth were removed and the tumor tissue in the sinus was removed” Head of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Near East University Hospital, Prof. Dr. Ferhat Erişir stated that, when the biopsy result of the patient who applied to the hospital with the complaint of swelling in the upper palate came out as cancerous tissue, they planned the necessary operation with the support of NEU 3D Laboratory and Near East University Faculty of Dentistry Hospital. Stating that tumors that fill the sinus and sometimes extend to the eye can be encountered, although not very often, and these are described as late cases, Prof. Dr. Ferhat Erişir pointed out that it is an advantage for the patient to notice the swelling in the mouth and apply to the hospital without wasting time. Prof. Dr. Ferhat Erişir: “In the operation performed, with the incision applied beneath the eye of the patient, the nose was opened by going down the edge of the nose and the lip was opened by dividing it in half, the upper jaw bone and half of the teeth were completely removed, the sinus was entered and the tumor was cleaned.” After the operation, Prof. Dr. Ferhat Erişir stated that Derviş Yeğen made great progress within a short time, did not have trouble in eating and speaking, and did not feel any pain related to the operation. The patient was referred to the Radiotherapy and Oncology Departments for postoperative follow-up and treatment. Assoc. Dr. Emil Mammadov: “Using tomography images, a 3D model of the patient’s skull was made for the operation.” Head of Pediatric Surgery Department and NEU 3D Laboratory Supervisor Assoc. Prof. Dr. Emil Mammadov stated that the Near East University 3D printer laboratory has been providing patient-specific implant production and 3D models design for 5 years. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Emil Mammadov: “For this case, at the request of the department of ENT, we extracted the 3-dimensional model of the necessary part of the skull from the patient’s tomography images and tried to assist in the planning of our surgery branch.” Noting that one of the main uses of 3D printers recently is preoperative planning, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Emil Mammadov stated that 3D models of patients can be made using 3D printers using MR, tomography or ultrasound images, even ultrasound images of the baby in the mother’s womb. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mammadov said that using 3D models in preoperative planning shortens operation times by 25-30%. Prof. Dr. Oğuz Ozan: “Chewing and comfortable speaking functions that our patient lost has been regained” Near East University Faculty of Dentistry Hospital Prosthodontics Specialist Prof. Dr. Oğuz Ozan stated that the patient, who lost half of his teeth in the operation performed on the upper jaw due to cancer, was planned to be replaced a prosthesis in the same operation and the borders of the prosthesis were determined by the measurement taken before the procedure. Prof. Dr. Oğuz Ozan: “Following the removal of the tumor tissue, the existing deficiencies were restored with the jaw face prosthesis exclusively designed and produced for our patient to eat and talk comfortably, and our patient regained the lost chewing and comfortable speech functions.” Prof. Dr. Ozan Oğuz continued stating that the patient’s rehabilitation process through this process can be done only in few centers in Turkey and Cyprus. Derviş Yeğen: “Thanks to Near East University Hospital and Faculty of Dentistry Hospital Physicians and Teams.” Stating that he applied to the Near East University Hospital with the complaint of swelling in the upper palate, Derviş Yeğen expressed his gratitude saying that his operation was very successful and within a short period of 4 days, chewing and swallowing problems disappeared and he started to eat solid food. Derviş Yeğen: “After my successful operation, I would like to thank Prof. Dr. Ferhat Erişir and his team, all the nurses of the Near East University Hospital for their interest and finally the dentists who made my oral dental prosthesis.”

Untreated Jaundice in Babies Cause Intelligence and Motor Development Retardation and Hearing and Vision Problems

Near East University Hospital Child Health and Diseases Department Specialist Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit stated that in the neonatal jaundice is seen among 60% of term-born babies and in 80% of premature babies, and the disease usually resolves spontaneously in 7-10 days without any treatment. However, in some cases, bilirubin reaches high levels and may cause brain damage, therefore, early Diagnosis of jaundice in newborn babies and follow-up is very important. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit; “Pathological Jaundice is a condition that occurs often just after birth and should be taken seriously.” Indicating that jaundice is caused by the increase in the level of the substance called “Bilirubin” in blood, which gives the skin a yellow color and accumulation in the skin, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit stated that it is seen in 60% of term babies and 80% of preterm babies. “Jaundice; it is classified in two groups as physiological and pathological jaundice. It is decided whether the jaundice is pathological or not by testing the bilirubin level considering the birth week of the baby, and the risks.”, said Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit, and added that physiological jaundice occurs 2-4. days after birth and usually recovered spontaneously in 7-10 days without requiring any treatment. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit continued as follows: “Pathological jaundice is a condition that often occurs immediately after birth and should be taken seriously. This type of jaundice can occur due to some infections in the womb, blood type incompatibilities between the mother and the baby, the drugs used by the mother, or some congenital diseases of the baby.” Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit; “Although jaundice often disappears by itself, in some cases, it can cause brain damage.” Stating that jaundice mostly disappears by itself, however, in some cases, bilirubin can reach high levels and cause brain damage. For this reason, Zeynep Cerit emphasized that early diagnosis and follow-up of jaundice in newborn babies is very important. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit stated that the blood-brain barrier is not yet completed in the first 10 days of life, and therefore, it is extremely important for newborns with jaundice to be followed-up by the doctor, especially in the first ten days, as the excessively increased bilirubin will accumulate in the brain and cause serious damage in this area if the level of jaundice rises and treatment is delayed. Cerit also stated that it may cause the formation of (Kernicterus Disease). “As bilirubin rises in the blood, it makes the baby sleep. A baby with jaundice does not want to suck, wants to sleep. In this case, as bilirubin excretion decreases due to the decrease in nutrition, the level rises even more and a vicious cycle occurs.”, said Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit and stated that if the bilirubin level increases too much and affects the brain, the condition of the baby may worsen and cause crying with a high-pitched voice and having a convulsion. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit: “Appropriate treatment of jaundice in right hands is a must” Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit stated that the appropriate treatment of jaundice is of great importance for the neurological development of babies and that neonatal intensive care specialists are available 24/7 at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Near East University Hospital, and the latest technologies and techniques are available for premature babies and term babies with problems, and that care is provided with internationally accepted treatment models and treatment services.

A new gene related to male infertility identified by the study group including Near East University researchers

The multidisciplinary scientific research group, including the Near East University Department of Medical Biology and the Near East University DESAM Institute Rare Diseases Research Group, identified a new gene associated with male infertility. In the study jointly conducted by Near East University Faculty of Medicine Department of Medical Biology, Near East University DESAM Institute Rare Diseases Research Group, Bursa Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine Department of Medical Genetics, Memorial Hospital IVF and Reproductive Health Center, Acıbadem University Genetic Diagnosis Center, German Reproductive Genetics (AG Reproduktionsgenetik) research group and Münster University Institute of Human Genetics, the researchers carried out all exome analyzes made through new generation sequencing of patient groups including five members of a Turkish family with infertility history, four patients from Münster, two cases from Portugal, and three other patient groups from Gieben, Nijmegen, and Newcastle. As a result of the new generation sequencing, homozygous disease-causing pathogenic variations in the M1AP (Meiotic 1 arrest protein) gene were found in these individuals. As a result of M1AP immunostaining on the testes of some individuals, it was found out that M1AP gene expression was lost. The researchers demonstrated that the M1AP gene mutations detected in these individuals represent a relatively common cause of both sporadic and familial male infertility, with strong clinical validity that they cause severe autosomal recessive failure of spermatogenesis. Research results revealed the important role of M1AP, as M1AP was not a gene previously associated with disease in humans. With this study, it was shown for the first time that homozygous pathogenic mutations in the M1AP gene, which has been associated with human male germ cell development, can cause non-obstructive azoospermia in men. Published in American Journal of Human Genetics… The results of the research were published in the American Journal of Human Genetics, which has 9.9 impact factors, one of the most prestigious journals of the genetic community. Online literature access is available at https://www.cell.com/ajhg/fulltext/S0002-9297(20)30198-1 They are studying the relation between infertility and genetic causes… Near East University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biology, Faculty Member and DESAM Institute Rare Diseases Research Group Leader Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mahmut Çerkez Ergören said in the information given about the study that in the light of the results they found in their study that the gene analysis of the M1AP gene should be included as part of the routine genetic diagnosis. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ergören said, “An effective treatment method that increases the chance of having children in patients affected by infertility has not been found yet. In this context, the testicular biopsy and subsequent artificial reproduction in practice did not provide a significant improvement in male fertility due to the low probability of patients carrying sperm or despermatozoa in the testis. Nevertheless, an improved understanding of the genetic causes for infertility in men who often have an alleviated sense of guilt and look favorably on genetic counseling may continue to benefit future treatment. Therefore, it is inevitable that gene analysis of the M1AP gene will be included as part of routine genetic diagnosis in the light of the work we have done and the results we have found.”

“Walled City Museum” foundation has begun

Near East University, which makes investments that will bring a different dimension to the cultural and artistic life of the country, ensure the integration of society with art, and increase the value given to art and artists, brings together art lovers with the “Walled City Museum”. According to the information given by the Press and Public Relations Directorate of Near East University, the museum, which will be put into service with the restoration of the old Ziraat Bank building at the Kyrenia Gate with the initiative of the Günsel Family, which attaches great importance to the integrity of the society, will mediate the sharing of Cyprus’ cultural identity with the national and international art environment. The visitors, who will be visiting the museum which will be administered by artist Rana Amrahova, will experience the feeling of historical valuesg and will have the opportunity to experience the sense of commitment to their cultural roots. Modern art collections will be brought together… Rana Amrahova, Director of the Walled City Museum, said that the museum was founded with the mission of leaving sustainable traces that will inspire future generations with a sense of art that integrates with modern, contemporary and local culture, and by continuing interest in art. Amrahova, at the “Walled City Museum”; there will be oil painting and acrylic paintings, original printing, engraving, linoleum, silkscreen, lithography, decals, photographs, sculpture, ceramics and rare works. Periodical and permanent exhibitions can also be viewed at the museum.” Peace Operation and the Conquest of Nicosia will be depicted with gold dust ornament… The interior design of the museum, which will be one of the new art stops of art lovers, will have a unique visual feast and lead an important mission to protect our values. Using the gold dust on the museum ceilings, the Peace Operation made on July 20, 1974, and the Conquest of Nicosia will be depicted. Rana Amrahova: “A museum that will serve to improve the Intellectual view and cultural accumulation in society is to be established…” Rana Amrahova, stating that it has adopted the principle of conducting culture and art in integrity with scientific studies and social benefit-oriented projects since the establishment of the Near East University, pointed out that the Walled City Museum will has been projected to contribute to the raising of a generation that loves art, to create an environment for the growth of social integrity, to sustain the existence of the society, to accumulate the values it generates and to shed light on the next generations, and to promote the cultural, historical and social richness of Nicosia. Amrahova stated that, by using the integrative and unifying power of the Near East University for an inseparable integrity, the new museum will be another instrument of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus to host a wide platform for the art representation and to bring a new momentum to the international common understanding. The Peace Operation made on July 20, 1974, and the Conquest of Nicosia will be depicted on the ceiling of the museum, and the traces of the past will be engraved with a visual feast, and the history will shed light on the past experiences of the society. According to Amrahova, in addition, the museum visitors will have the opportunity to experience the phenomenon of belonging to their roots. Amrahova stating that the old Ziraat Bank building at the Kyrenia Gate has started to be restored and the museum has started to be established, said that the museum will have a very rich collection in terms of art.

The Study of Near East University Researchers published in the Journal of Lancet Microbe was included in the “COVID Reference Daily Science Top 10” List

Vice Rector of Near East University Prof. Dr. Tamer Şanlıdağ and International Cyprus University lecturer Assist. Prof. Dr. Ayşe Seyer Çağatan’s work, which reveals that the sun and ultraviolet rays are not effective on SARS-CoV-2, was included in the “COVID Reference Daily Science Top 10” list compiled from daily articles published worldwide. In the information given by the Press and Public Relations Directorate of Near East University, the report written on the effects of the seasonal change on the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), took place in the 390-page book published on 18 May 2020 and titled “COVID Reference Daily Science Top 10” which was published on Amedeo.com website as a free-to-reach source. The book dated 18 May 2020 was among the 1000 most important sources of COVID-19 literature… Vice Rector of Near East University Prof. Dr. Tamer Şanlıdağ and International Cyprus University faculty member Assist. Prof. Dr. Ayşe Seyer Çağatan’s report was published as a full text in the book compiled by Christian Hoffmann and Bern Sebastian Kamps and titled “COVID Reference Daily Science Top 10” which was selected as one of the top 1000 most important sources among the scientific articles related to COVID-19 published all over the world. The book has been published in 8 languages… The book, which was published in English, German, French, Portuguese, Italian, Spanish, Turkish and Vietnamese, was prepared as a guide especially for researchers, health sciences and medical students to get accurate and updated data on COVID-19. It was emphasized that the increase in temperature in seasonal changes did not affect the spread of coronavirus. In the report published in the May 2020 issue of “The Lancet Microbe”, one of the leading medical journals of the world, Prof. Dr. Tamer Şanlıdağ and Assist. Prof. Dr. Ayşe Seyer Çağatan pointed out that the expected increase in temperature and the ultraviolet rays emitted from the sun will not affect the coronavirus’s activity or decrease its speed. In the study, it was noted in the report that the UV rays emitted from the sun were classified as UVA, UVB and UVC in three ways, and that UVC, which has a germicidal (lethal) effect, does not reach our world, and that the sun’s rays cannot affect the virus.

Common Disease in Children “Fluid Buildup in the Middle Ear”

Attending Physician Remzi Tınazlı, surgeon at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the Near East University Hospital delivered information about the fluid buildup in the middle ear in children at preschool age, its causes, importance of early diagnosis in treatment, and treatment methods. Attention to the Middle Ear Fluid Buildup in Your Child! Fluid buildup in the middle ear leads trouble in hearing or responding to sounds. If your child turns up the volume of the TV too much, watching it closely, or you repeat it several times when you call him/her, and if his/her achievements in his/her lessons are in a decreasing trend, he/she may experience painless otitis media (ear infection). This infection often results from another illness such as cold, flu or allergy that causes congestion and swelling of the nasal passages, throat and eustachian tubes. If your child frequently suffers from upper respiratory tract infection, has nasal congestion, sleeps with mouth open or snores while sleeping, the possibility of fluid buildup in the middle ear is high. Fluid Buildup in the middle ear is a common disease in children at preschool age Children at the age of preschool are more susceptible to ear infections because of the size and shape of their eustachian tubes. Why is this disease more common in this age group? In children, the eustachian tubes are narrower and more horizontal than adults, which make them more difficult to drain the fluid and more likely to get clogged. Besides, swelling of the adenoids may block the tubes as adenoids are near the opening of the narrower eustachian tubes. Children of this age are prone to develop upper respiratory tracts infection that can lead to fluid buildup in the middle ear. In the early stages of the disease, a mild hearing loss and trouble in responding the sounds begin in the child. There are signs such as nasal congestion, open mouth sleeping, turning up the volume of the TV or watching TV closely, not being able to hear what the teacher says in classes, and a constant runny nose. Parents may not always notice these signs. The child’s trouble in hearing and responding the sounds is generally noticed by the teachers at school. It is a condition that can be corrected via treatment in early stage Fluid buildup in the middle ear is a condition that can be corrected by cause-oriented treatment if it can be diagnosed early. The problem can often be eliminated with 2-3 week drug treatments. However, in cases of adenoid size that causes the occlusion of the eustachian tubes, and in cases where drug treatment does not affect the problem, surgical treatment is necessary and the result is extremely satisfying. Permanent hearing disorders may occur due to frequent middle ear infections in delayed conditions that are not treated and due to negative pressure in the eardrum and collapse in the membrane. Always consult an expert if you suspect that your child has trouble in hearing and responding to sounds In cases of fluid buildup in the middle ear, there are no complaints such as ear pain, fever and ear discharge. Sometimes the complaints such as the child’s success in lessons, restlessness, deterioration of his / her friends and impaired balance may appear as the main complaints. All of this depends on the hearing loss that occurs due to the difference between the pressure in the middle ear and the pressure in the external environment. For this reason, parents should definitely take the children they suspect of hearing loss to an otolaryngologist. Treatment method The Otorhinolaryngologist will investigate what causes the disease and will treat the cause. Since such children have a very frequent occurrence of nasal discharge and enlarged flesh on the allergic ground, they should also be examined about the allergies. Ventilation tube surgeries placed in the eardrum due to the buildup of fluid in the middle ear is a frequent operation that improves hearing. The inserted tube often spontaneously is taken out after a period of 6 months, and no second intervention is required. In order not to cause permanent hearing impairment in the future, to leave our children behind their peers, to prevent them from failing at school, hearing should be vigilant and seek medical advice before it is late.

Özay Günsel Children’s University students continue to learn and discover

Özay Günsel Children’s University completed the fifth week of the Summer Semester, where children have developed both motor and physical and social skills, experience the professions and gain the freedom to choose to do what they want. According to the information given by Özay Günsel Children’s University students carried out studies in design, life skills and manners at various faculties of Near East University in the fifth week programs given to 5-8 age World Group, 9-11 age Sun Group, and 12-15 age Galaxy Group. They made experiments, carried out observations and made discoveries in subjects through which they also learned the social rules. They carried out activities “Get to Know Our Body With Architectural Structures”… In the Summer Education Programs through which students of World Group learned about the formation of butterflies within the scope of the Veterinary Faculty activities, studied the body formation within the scope of the Faculty of Health Sciences activities, the architecture of the Egyptian pyramids and the model of recycling materials within the scope of Faculty of Architecture, designed materials by seeing, touching, hearing, feeling and moving, and performed a movie event. They Learned to do scientific research… Within the scope of the Summer Education Programs, through which rich stimulating environment opportunities suitable for children’s development levels have been provided to support their physical, mental and emotional development, the Sun Group students learned to make artificial teeth in giant teeth activity within the scope of the Faculty of Dentistry, to conduct scientific research within the Faculty of Engineering activities, how to behave in home accidents within the scope of the Faculty of Nursing activities and the first castles activity conducted within the scope of Geography activities. They experienced designing… Galaxy students also had the opportunity to learn about 3D Printing and make their own designs within the scope of the Engineering Faculty activities. They designed clothing from recycling materials within the scope of Art Events, learned about the physiotherapy profession in the activities carried out by the Physiotherapy Department, learned the alphabet of the Telegraph and Morse within the scope of the Faculty of Communication activities, and gathered information within the scope of Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurship stories within the scope of NERITA activities.

Near East University Researchers took part in an innovative study that can help control SARS-CoV-2 Infection

In collaboration with a multidisciplinary working group including researchers with expertise in pharmacology, molecular biology, medical microbiology and clinical microbiology, Near East University researchers has developed an innovative strategy to take SARS-CoV-2 infection under control by inhibiting a specific protein called the ACE2 receptor, which is present on the surface of many cell types including lungs and heart and acts as a cellular doorway for the coronavirus to hook and enter the cell. Associate Professor Kerem Teralı, lecturer at the Department of Medical Biochemistry of the Faculty of Medicine of Near East University and the leader of DESAM Institute Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Research Group, Dr. Buket Baddal, lecturer at the Department of Medical Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology of the Faculty of Medicine of Near East University, and Associate Professor Hayrettin Ozan Gülcan, lecturer at the Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry of the Faculty of Pharmacy of the Eastern Mediterranean University, carried out a scientific study in collaboration with the purpose of developing novel strategies to block the ACE2 receptor that provides the entry point for the coronavirus to hook into and infect a wide range of cells. Within the frame of the study, more than seven thousand molecules that were clinically approved before were scanned virtually and eight different drugs that can prevent ACE2 from interacting with SARS-CoV-2 have been identified. Explaining that the efficacy of drugs can be tested through membrane fusion tests to be applied via tissue culture, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kerem Teralı underlines that the drug of which efficacy has been proven best through the tests should be brought to bedside treatment service quickly. Expressing that it takes an average of ten years under current conditions to launch a drug designed from scratch, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kerem Teralı notes that this process can be significantly shortened in virtue of a trending approach called drug repositioning. Explaining that drug repositioning refers to the identification of new indications of an existing approved drug that is safely used for another indication, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kerem Teralı states that this approach enables the use of the drug of which new indications identified to be effective for a new case (e.g.; prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection). He underlines that they have adopted the same approach and chosen the ACE2 receptor as a therapeutic target. Expressing his gratitude to his teammates Dr. Buket Baddal and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ozan Gülcan for their unique contributions, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kerem Teralı underlines that their studies relevant to other therapeutic targets other than ACE2 receptor will continue without pausing. Findings of the Study Were Published in an International Indexed Journal… The findings and assessments of this study, which is the first original scientific research of our country that archived in in the Science Citation Index (SCI) within the scope of Web of Science, were published in the Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modeling; an open access journal that published by Elsevier. The published article can be accessed free of charge from the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbered “10.1016 / j.jmgm.2020.107697”.

Dialysis patients need to be careful while consuming fruit

Highlighting that many people with kidney failure rely on dialysis to remove fluid, Dr. Rana Ömürova, general practitioner at the Nephrology Section of the Near East University Hospital, states that excess fruit consumption means excess fluid intake, so dialysis patients need to be careful while consuming fruit and should never exceed the fluid intake limit. Dialysis patients need to be careful while consuming fruit in the summer! Highlighting that most people attach a special focus on consuming more fluid and fruit to stay hydrated in the heat of the summer, Dr. Rana Ömürova notes that dialysis patients need to be controlled about their diet and should restrict their fluid intake due to excess consumption of fruit especially in the summer months. Underlining the importance of staying in strict fluid limits for dialysis patients, Dr. Rana Ömürova states that the natural temptation to consume more fluid and fruit in consequence of increasing heat and fruit variety in the summer may lead excess fluid accumulation in the body. “Too much fluid accumulation in the body can raise blood pressure, damage the heart, cause swelling, and make dialysis very uncomfortable. Therefore, summer is one of the periods when dialysis patients should be most careful. So, dialysis patients need to restrict their fluid intake and be careful how to quench their thirst without jeopardizing their health during the hot summer months. Since dialysis patients rely on only dialysis to remove fluid accumulated in their body, they should always keep their fluid intake to a minimum. Excess fluid accumulating in the body can cause cramps and sudden drops in blood pressure during dialysis” says she. Foods that dialysis patients need to be careful while consuming Expressing that a renal diet usually involves limiting fluid intake, sodium, potassium and phosphorus in order to help decrease the accumulation fluid and waste product in blood, Dr. Rana Ömürova highlights that dialysis patients should be very careful while consuming tomatoes, peppers, watermelons, melons, cherries, peaches, apricots and grapes, all of which are rich in phosphorus and/or potassium content. She also notes that dialysis patients need to stay away consuming especially fresh walnuts and hazelnuts grown in late summer as they have high phosphorus content. “Dialysis patients should definitely avoid homemade sauces, processed olives and pickles as they are high in potassium and sodium. Avoiding excessive consumption of canned foods, processed foods, all kinds of vegetables and fruits throughout all seasons is important for maintaining optimum levels of both potassium and phosphorus” noted she. Fruits contain about 90% water Expressing that fruits contain about 90% water, Dr. Rana Ömürova notes that a medium size peach or an apple or five or six strawberries correspond to a glass of water. “Melons such as cantaloupe and watermelon have the highest water content exceeding 90 percent. A big slice of watermelon contains about two glasses of water. Dialysis patients can benefit the blessings of the summer season without exceeding the fluid intake limits by being strict to portion control. “During the summer season, prolonged exposure to sunlight at noon hours when the sun’s effect is the highest should be avoided, deep places of the sea shouldn’t be preferred as there is a risk of experiencing sudden cramps while swimming” says she.
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