Near East University has been successfully represented at the 7th International Congress of Caucasus Universities Association

Academic Member of Faculty of International Relations of Near East University Prof Dr Ghadir Golkarian successfully represented the NEU at the 7th International Congress (KÜNİB) of the Caucasus Universities Association. According to the press release issued by the Directorate of Press and Public Relations of Near East University, the congress was hosted by Istanbul Maltepe University and Academic Member of Near East University and also Coordinator of Caucasus Universities Association Prof. Dr. Ghadir Golkarian represented the NEU while protocols were also signed between universities. It was pointed out that many Rectors from Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Moldovia, Georgia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Croatia, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and Russia attended the congress and that cooperation on education and research; teacher and student exchange as part of the Mevlana Protocol, Ar-Ge, patenting, accreditation. Near East University is continuing to improve the quality of education and science… As part of the congress, and as a result of the Web o Metrics evaluation, Near East Universoty has signed cooperation protocols with Sahand Technical University, which is among top 500 universities around the world, Madani Technical University, Urmiya Medical University, Islamic Art and Sciences University, Islamic Azad University, Lenkeran Social Sciences University and Ardebil Medical University. Many cooperation agreements have been made with universities which are a member of the Caucasus Universities Association, Near East University is continuing the quality of education it offers to its students alongside making great contributions to science.

Academic Member of the Near East University Faculty of Fine Arts and Design, Assoc. Prof. Dr.Erdoğan Ergün, realised an artistic workshop at the METU MarchFest Culture and Art Festival

Vice Dean of Faculty of Fine Arts and Design of Near East University, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Ergün, was invited to the Culture and Art Festival titled as MarchFest on Middle East Technical University (METU) Northern Cyprus Campus, where he realised a workshop with the participation of 30 students. Alongside the workshop, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Ergün also realised an individual workshop According to the press release issued by the Directorate of Press and Public Relations of Near East University, initially Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Ergün gave a seminar on Stencil Graffiti technique, he realised the workshop where the he worked on pieces with the students which were closely followed by the attenders. Then, he realised an individual workshop as well. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Ergün: “It is highly significant for students to interact with each other and find a chance to be with art which is a means of expressing creativity and imagination!” Making a statement regarding the matter, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Ergün stated that organising events on campuses that relate to art provide the students the chance to interact with one another and the chance to express themselves via art as this is a means of expressing creativity and imagination. These events are also important in sharing adding to culture. He ended his words by thanking everyone involved in organising the art festival at the METU campus, especially the authorities and the person in charge of the art workshop and instructor Serhat Selışık.

Angiography for 4 Year Old Child

In order to imagine and assess the severity and the course of the heart disease and tailor the most accurate treatment plan, Near East University Hospital pediatric cardiologists Professor Canan Aybakan, Associate Professor Selma Vefa Yıldırım, Asst. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Cerit along with the angiography team carried out an angiography procedure for 4 year old child suffering from congenital heart disease. The patient’s findings were assessed by the council of pediatric cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons. Considering the valve insufficiency, the council concluded for regular cardiologic follow up instead of surgery. Underlining that angiography and cardiac catheterization are invasive procedures that generally performed in adults, pediatric cardiologist Professor Canan Aybakan stated that these procedures might be necessary and useful for the assessment and treatment of heart diseases in children, mainly in children with congenital atrioventricular septal defect and valve insufficiency. Delivering information about the history of the 4 year old patient, Professor Canan Ayabakan stated that the child’s physician heard a heart murmur during the physical examination a short time after her birth and referred the child to a pediatric cardiologist who specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects and heart problems. After a cardiac ultrasound (echocardiography test), the child was diagnosed with partial atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) and mitral insufficiency. “As the baby’s heart develops during the pregnancy, it partitions, creating a wall (septum) dividing the two sides of the heart. Atrioventricular septal defect occurs when this partitioning process does not complete, thus leaving a hole between the chambers of the heart and problems with the valves that regulate blood flow in the heart. So AVSD is a combination of heart problems resulting in a defect in the center of the heart “said she. Stating that the child, who was brought to Near East University by her parents for control, had not any significant cardiologic complaints such as tiring easily when playing, bluish discoloration of the lips and skin (cyanosis), poor growth and frequent respiratory infections, Professor Canan Aybakan noted that the council of pediatric cardiologist and cardiovascular surgeons assessed the child patient’s condition and concluded for regular cardiologic follow up to tailor the most appropriate treatment plan. Prof. Dr. Canan Aybakan: “Angiography can be applied to children of all ages, even newborns” Underlining that cardiac catheterization is applied as a complementary procedure when echocardiography does not provide sufficient information and/or when surgical intervention is considered for the patient; Professor Canan Ayabakan stated that angiography could be applied to children of all ages, even newborns. “Since these procedures are useful to evaluate the severity of heart problems, Near East University pediatric cardiologists applied angiography to the 4 year old child with atrioventricular septal defect” said she. Professor Canan Aybakan delivered information about congenital heart diseases: “Holes in the heart are congenital heart defects and they are very diverse. Some small holes in the heart can close on their own. Some may not need a surgery for lifetime as they are very tiny. Angiography is the gold standard to assess the patient’s condition and decide whether a surgery is needed or not. Angiography allows measuring the pressure in the chambers of the heart and in the blood vessels as well as the blood flow. The results of these measurements show whether a surgery is needed. The angiogram measurement results of the 4 year old child were assessed by the council of pediatric cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons at work at Near East University Hospital. The council concluded that there was no need for a surgery as the findings were low. What is congenital heart disease? A congenital heart disease (CHD), also known as congenital heart defect, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth. Prenatal development of the heart is completed in the first three months of the pregnancy. The heart begins as a hollow tube. As the heart develops, it partitions, creating a wall (septum) dividing the two sides of the heart. During this partition process, some problems may prevent the development of the heart. When this partitioning process does not complete, it results in a hole between the chambers of the heart and problems with the valves that regulate blood flow. Sometimes more complex disorders can be seen in the formation of heart chambers and in vascular connections. What is Atrioventricular Septal Defect? Atrioventricular Septal Defect (AVSD) is a congenital heart defect that arises from faulty development of the embryonic endocardial cushions. It is characterized by hole(s) between chambers of heart as well as insufficiency in valves that regulate the blood flow. Figure 1: AVSD Types Normal Heart Partial AVSD (the heart defect that the 4 year old child suffers from) Complete AVSD

Near East University Founding Rector Dr. Suat İ. Günsel welcomes a Delegation from Sivas Municipality and Sivas Martyrs’ Families and Veterans Association in his office

A Delegation from Sivas Municipality and Sivas Martyrs’ Families and Veterans Association visited Near East University Founding Rector Dr. Suat İ. Günsel in his office. According to the press release issued by the Directorate of Press & Public Relations Office of Near East University, Sivas deputy mayors Abdurrahim Ceyhan and Ahmet Özaydın, Sivas Martyrs’ Families and Veterans Association Chairman Mustafa Hızal along with their accompanying delegation paid a visit to NEU Founding Rector Dr. Suat İ. Günsel in his office. Near East University vice rectors Prof. Dr. Şenol Bektaş and Prof. Dr. Fahreddin Sadıkoğlu were attended the visit as well. Dr. Suat İ. Günsel: ” As Your Consanguineous Here, When We Were in Time of Trouble, You Proved Your Faith and Patriotism and Paved the Way for Us Towards Being the State Owner by Sacrificing Your Lives”. Embracing the delegation with his cordial greetings, the Founding Rector Dr. Suat İ. Günsel stated that he felt the great happiness of welcoming them. Addressing the visiting delegation, the Founding Rector Dr. Suat İ. Günsel expressed his views: “You proved your mettle by shedding your blood and having a republic founded. It was your faith and patriotism that led you to sacrifice your lives to save lives. It is our share now to ensure and maintain the sustainability of being a whole with Turkey. There are two important words for me that I always say; one is “To be a whole” and the other one is “To be grateful”. Societies, who know the depth of these two words and progress in accordance with this depth perception, always sustain their beings. To be a whole means to become one; one is a whole. To be a whole with Turkey is important for us. Turkey may do without Cyprus. However, we can’t sustain our being without Turkey. From this aspect, Cyprus and Turkey are inseparable components of a whole”. Prof. Dr. Bektaş: Near East University is Located on the Region Where the Parachutes Landed in the Morning of 20 July 1974″ In his remarks, NEU vice Rector Professor Şenol Bektaş voiced his happiness of hosting the veterans of Cyprus Peace Operation. “It is a great delight for us to host the Cyprus Peace Operation veterans from Sivas. We invited our veterans, who fought in Cyprus Peace Operation 44 years ago as commando or soldier. We invited them to show how well they did their work and what they crowned us with. The area, on which the NEU campus is located, was a blank space where the parachutes landed in the morning of July 20. As Near East University, we have designed a project to host the veterans of Cyprus Peace Operation at our university and in our country since the last five years” said he. Abdurrahim Ceyhan; “As Sivas Municipality, We are Extremely Happy to be Here with Our Veterans” Sivas Municipality Deputy Mayor Abdurrahim Ceyhan delivered a speech and expressed his feelings: “As Sivas Municipality, we feel the great happiness of being here with veterans, who came here from Sivas and fought for the freedom and independence of Turkish Cypriots 44 years ago. I hope we will not come again for another freedom and peace fight. Of course, we will certainly come when it becomes a necessity. We will maintain our unity and brotherhood with our Turkish Cypriot cognates. We have no fellows other than us. In this context, I would like to extend my deepest appreciations for their hearty welcome mainly to the NEU Founding Rector Dr. Suat İ. Günsel, NEU Board of Trustees Chairman Assoc. Prof. Dr. İrfan S. Günsel and the vice rectors as well as our valuable faculty members” noted he. Mustafa Hızal: “The Value Attached on Our Veterans and the Trip down the Memory Lane of Our Martyrs Make Our Unity More Important” Sivas Martyrs’ Families and Veterans Association Chairman Mustafa Hızal also voiced his views: “First of all, thank you very much for your kind invitation. What Turkey means, Cyprus means the same for us. We are integrals of a whole. We say this at every opportunity. For this reason, we are experiencing the great pleasure of being here. The value attached on our veterans here and the trip down the memory lane of our martyrs make our unity more important. I would like to take this opportunity and extend my thanks to the Founding Rector Dr. Suat Günsel, NEU Board of Trustees Chairman Assoc. Prof. Dr. İrfan Günsel and vice Rector Prof. Dr. Şenol Bektaş, vice Rector Prof. Dr. Fahreddin Sadıkoğlu and very valuable faculty members “said he. The visit came to an end by presenting gifts mutually and having a souvenir photograph taken.

A Ceremony for the Commemoration of Martyrs and Celebration of the 18th March Çanakkale Victory was held at Near East University

It was stated that the Ceremony for Commemoration of Martyrs and Celebration of 18th March Çanakkale Victory was jointly organized by Near East University Faculty of Arts and Sciences Department of Turkish Language and Literature; and Atatürk Faculty of Education, Departments of History, Turkish and Social Sciences Teaching and that it was held at the NEU Grand Library, Hall 2. Providing details regarding the ceremony, it was expressed that the ceremony commenced with a one minute silence and playing the national anthem. Prof. Dr. Ali Efdal Özkul: “The Turkish Army proved to the world that Çanakkale is impassable!” According to the press release issued by the Directorate of Press and Public Relations of Near East University, Dean of Faculty of Arts and Sciences and Head of Department of History Teaching Prof. Dr. Ali Efdal Özkul, made an opening speech where he emphasized the significance of the day. He also made evaluations about the history and how Çanakkale was made impassable by the heroic Turkish army. Assist. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Saraçoğlu: “The Turks have taken their well deserved place within the History of Literature as a nation which wrote an epic.” Later, a speech was made by the Academic Member of the Department of Turkish Language and Literature, Assist. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Saraçoğlu with his speech titled as “The Victory of Çanakkale”. He provided his evaluations through literary works and told outstanding stories which are told in literary work. Furthermore, he evaluated poetry pieces which take the form of folk songs. He added that the Turks, as a nation have achieved their well deserved place in history; especially making emphasis on Çanakkale Epic Poem written by Mehmet Akif Ersoy. Assist. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan Saraçoğlu ended his words by stating that the Çanakkale victory was one of the golden links among many epic stories written in the Turkish Literature throughout history. Subsequent to the speeches, Yiğit Kavrar from the NEU Department of Social Sciences Teaching made a slideshow on the martyrs and victory of Çanakkale. The ceremony ended with the poetry reading by students of NEU Faculty of Arts and Sciences Department of Turkish Language and Literature; and Atatürk Faculty of Education Department of Turkish.

Near East University Science Awards 2017 were delivered with a glorious ceremony

Organized by Near East University annually in order to foster and honor the researchers and faculty members for their scientific studies and publications, 2017 Science Awards Ceremony was held with great participation. According to the press release issued by NEU Directorate of Press & Public Relations Office, Near East University felt the pride of granting science awards in four categories; “Young Researchers Award”, “Honorable Mention Award”, “Publication Award” and “Publication Honor Award” were presented to 145 researchers and faculty members in recognition of their resounding scientific studies and publications. In order to express its commitment to producing science, disseminating scientific information through national and international conferences, congresses and symposia, Near East University also granted “Thanks Certificate” to the researchers and scholars who participated in such events and represented the university successfully. Recognizing the crucial role of faculties and faculty members in raising well equipped individuals, Near East University has also delivered two distinguished awards; namely “Faculty of the Year” and “Faculty Member of the Year”. The Science Awards 2017 Ceremony was realized at Near East University Grand Library Hall 4 with the participation of Rector Professor Ümit Hassan, vice rectors, faculty deans, Graduate School directors, faculty members and their families. Near East University 2017 Science Awards Ceremony began with stand in silence and followed by the National Anthem. Then, the participants experienced pleasant moments with the music recital performed by soprano soloist Vasfiye Çakırtaş and the pianist Professor Cevanşir, faculty members of Near East University. The Chairperson of Higher Education Planning, Evaluation Accreditation and Coordination Council (YÖDAK), Professor Akile Büke, who could not participate in the ceremony due to her tight program, sent a message and extended her thanks to Near East University for providing contribution to science and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus through qualified experts of science. Prof. Dr. Ümit Hassan, “This Program Will Provide Us with Pride, Success, Elation and New Accelerations” In his opening remarks, NEU Rector Professor Ümit Hassan underlined the crucial role of scholar studies and efforts for achieving the objectives. “In the last 48 hours, we have been experiencing significant days such a 14 March Turkish Medicine day, Einstein’s Birthday and Pi Day. Today, we are also living the right pride of realizing the third of NEU Science Awards. The presence of the valuable scientists here crowns these last 48 hours. Let yesterday be today, let today be yesterday, in fact, it is possible to consider the last 48 hours as a single day in terms of its importance in science. “In a scientific sense, innovative studies have a crucial role in producing scientific information and paving the way towards new discoveries. Our scholar researchers work devotedly and introduce very notable information to scientific literature through their notable publications. Today, we are here to present them awards as a tribute to their successful accomplishments. Being committed to producing science and inspiring young generations, we feel the right pride of crowning the work of the leading scholars and young scientists at work at Near East University. This award ceremony will provide them with pride and honor as well as new accelerations. I would like to take this opportunity and congratulate all winners of Near East University Science Awards 2017 not only in name of my own but on behalf of our university. I would also like to extend my appreciations to all scientific community members at work at Near East University, and congratulate all relevant administrator fellows and our protocol members” said he. Prof. Dr. Tamer Şanlıdağ: “We Adopt the 3rd Generation University Model; We Offer All Scientific Outcomes of Our Scholar Studies, Investigations and R&D Studies to the Benefit of Public” In his remarks, NEU vice Rector Professor Tamer Şanlıdağ centered his talk on the development of third generation universities and NEU’s objectives: “As is known; the 3rd Generation University concept defines a model based on transforming all the scientific data relevant to academic studies, research and R&D activities of the universities into the benefit of the society. From Plato and Aristotle to our present day, universities have been generating and disseminating knowledge for the benefit of mankind. University teaching, therefore, differs from other modes of education not only by seeking the highest levels of sophistication, but also by deriving its vitality from the studies, researches and other significant scholar activities aimed at the benefit of public”. Indicating that the world of science opened different doors of universe, Professor Şanlıdağ stated that we lived in Newtonian universe. “It is possible to see scientific mind, scientific methods and ethics, which are the rules of the Newtonian universe, in all NEU’s activities that based on its ongoing accumulation and the culture that it formed in higher education” said he. Near East University Carries Out Joint Projects with 121 Respectable Institutions, Organizations and Working Groups Touching upon the crucial role of supporting and encouraging research projects in motivating and young academics for broader studies, Vice Rector Prof. Dr. Tamer Şanlıdağ underlined the commitment of Near East University to contributing to the world of science through resounding scientific projects. “With 27 academic units and 32 fully equipped research centers and laboratories, Near East University provides all support for multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies with strategic importance. “Approximately two hundred and fifty projects are funded and supported each year. We aim to develop R & D capacity with works that can create international effect. Near East University carries out joint projects with 121 respectable institutions, organizations and working groups, mainly World Health Organization (WHO), Harvard University, Oxford University and Cambridge University” said he. Near East University Has Raised to the 652nd Rank over the World, the 3rd Rank in Turkey and the First Rank in Cyprus Delivering information regarding the number of students studying at Near East University, Professor Şanlıdağ stated that Near East University with its vast educational opportunities, competent academic staff and international identity provided quality education for 27 thousand students. “Currently 3759 graduate students study post graduate programs. This number corresponds 14% of total. For postgraduate programs, we offer scholarships twice a year. Within this context, 1549 graduates around the world applied for these scholarships in 2017 and 82% of them were granted with scholarship. In January 2018 edition of Web of Metrics that based on the citation rates as of July 2017, Near East University ranks the 652nd over the world, the 3rd in Turkey and the 1st in Cyprus” noted he. Professor Şanlıdağ ended his remarks by congratulating the winners of Science Awards 2017. Following the speeches, Near East University 2017 science awards were granted to the winners. The ceremony ended with a cocktail party.

Near East University Winner of Competitive Match … Mersin BŞB: 56- Near East University: 58

In 21st week of Turkey Women’s Basketball League, Near East University challenged Mersin BSB in away match and NEU Women’s Basketball Team won the match with a score of 56-58. Near East University continued to lead in the league with 19th win. Mersin BSB got its 8th defeat at the league. According to the information given by the Near East University Sports Club, the match played at Mersin Edip Buran Sports Hall, Near East University played with Courtney Vandersloot, Olcay Cakir, Cansu Köksal, Jantel Lavender and Sandrine Gruda. Match periods ended 19-12, 35-24, 44-44 and 56-58. The match started with Asena Yalçın’s three-point basket from Mersin BŞB. Mersin BŞB completed the first period 19-12. Near East University moved the score to 19-16 against Mersin BŞB which started with the difference of 7 points in the second period but could not make a score for three and a half minutes. Near East University with Sandrine Gruda and Jantel Lavender trying to close the gap, made the score 31-24. First half completed with Mersin BSB ahead 34-25. Near East University, which became dominant in the third period, made a 5-0 start by using the ball on the offensive and reduced the gap down to 4 to score, 34-30 (7.28). Score equaled 40-40 and 44-44 at the end of the period and the final period started with this score. In the last period, the curtain was opened with the basket of Bahar Çağlar (44-46). A break was taken before 25 seconds to the end of the match, the match ended 56-58, the Near East University becaming the winner. Featured… Mersin BSB; Bria Hartley made 23 points, 6 assists, Asena Yalcin 10 points, 5 assists, Krystal Thomas 8 points, 13 rebounds, and Aija Puttina 9 points. Near East University; Courtney Vandersloot 17 points, 5 rebounds, 14 assists, Jantel Lavender 13 points, 8 rebounds, 3 assists, Sandrine Gruda 12 points, 7 rebounds, Bahar Çağlar 3 points, 8 rebounds, Cansu Köksal 6 points, Elin Eldebrink 3 points, Quanitra Hollingsvorth 3 pints and 7 rebounds. Zafer Kalaycıoğlu; “The match was an exciting one for audience” Near-East University Women’s Basketball Team Head Coach Zafer Kalaycıoğlu, who made a short review after the match, said it was a good fight. Kalaycıoğlu said, “Our burden increased as we are the only Turkish team which went up to Final Four of Euroleague. We have increased our trainings to get prepared for the Final Four, we are overloading the team. I hope we make the Turkish nation live another pride. I also congratulate the Mersin team for their struggle”.

TRNC Democracy discussed on the Axis of European-Mediterranean Democracies

Near East University Near East Institute published the report regarding the “Northern Cyprus Model” in the frame of Euro-Mediterranean regional integration and democratization process. The field analysis report, which was co-prepared by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Umut Koldaş, Director of the Near East Institute (NEI), and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nur Köprülü, Head of NEU Department of Political Sciences and vice Director of Near East Institute, analyzes the democratization and liberation processes in countries located in Euro-Mediterranean region in a historical and systematic manner and examines where and how North Cyprus positioned within these processes. The report, which was co-edited by NEI Director Associate Professor Umut Koldaş, NEI Chief Advisor Ercan Çitlioğlu and NEI Projects and Scientific Publications Coordinator Mustafa Çıraklı and released by Near East University Publications, constitutes a modeling work on the legal and de facto position of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) in the framework of democratization processes and democracy models of the countries affiliated to Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. According to the press release issued by the Directorate of Press & Public Relations Office of Near East University, the report would be delivered to all respective institutions and organizations, NGOs, libraries, and all foreign missions in Cyprus and Turkey. The report will be accessible on Near East Institute official Facebook account (yakindoguenstitusu facebook) and on the webpage Köprülü: Unique to TRNC, A Differentiated Integration Model Pointing out that the understanding of democracy exhibited by EU within widening and deepening politics and the political liberalization practices of Mediterranean countries were analyzed, NEI vice Director Associate Professor Nur Köprülü stated that significant developments have been experienced in the northern part of the island after EU suspended the acquis following the adoption of Cyprus as a full member on 1 May 2004. As discussed in the report, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Köprülü underlined that it was of great importance at the point of relations with EU whether progress had been achieved towards democratization in a process in which the Cyprus problem continues. “When examining the model of democratization in the TRNC, EU membership process and de jure ‘stay-out’ of the integration of the northern part of the island, it won’t be wrong to say that the EU is turning towards a new process through differentiated integration at the point of the Europeanization of Turkish Community. On the other hand, while giving priority to institutionalization through democracy and transparent decision-making mechanisms within the deepening politics – particularly with Maastricht and Lisbon Treaties, the EU couldn’t exert the similar normative function in realizing its widening policies. As the number of European Union Member States has increased and the competences of the Union have widened, some Member States have on occasion been exempted from joining their partners in new fields of integration. When considering it in the frame of the Cyprus problem, the island has not fully integrated with the EU institutions and even it has an exclusive position” said she. Koldaş: In a Systematic and Comparative Manner, We Evaluated Democratization Processes on Euro-Mediterranean Axis “Near East Institute releases research reports monthly. We are presenting a new report to the information and interest of public. The report comparatively examines the Euro-Mediterranean regional democratization processes through theoretical depth and systematic analyzes based on up-to-date information, and evaluates North Cyprus within this context. Considering the dynamics that affect democracy models and processes in the Euro-Mediterranean region, it is not wrong to say that there are differences between the northern and southern regions of this region in terms of political landscape, political culture and democratic values approach and perceptions. In this context, the countries in the north, where the European Union Member States and Candidate States constitute the majority, and the countries in the south and the Middle East and North Africa, which have a different socio-economic and cultural and political background, are in different positions in terms of democratic model and practice. As a matter of fact in a broad literature, regional democratization has become a process centered and guided by Western Europe since the mid-1990s. When it is examined on the basis of countries, it is possible to observe differences between local dynamics and obstacles of democratization models in spite of the similarity of regional dynamics and processes. Different democratization approaches are common in the related literature. Considering these approaches and examining the North Cyprus model within the frame of the data obtained through systematic and comparative analysis is important in terms of understanding the local dynamics of democratization processes and models and their interaction with regional and international dynamics” said he.
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